This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) under Grant AGS-1007606. WRF was developed by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). The NCAR Command Language (NCL, version 6.0) was also used for some analyses (http://www.ncl.ucar.edu/). NCAR is sponsored by NSF. FNL data for this study are from the Research Data Archive (RDA), which is maintained by the Computational and Information Systems Laboratory (CISL) at NCAR. The original data are available from the RDA (http://rda.ucar.edu) in dataset number ds083.2. SST data are from the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP; http://polar.ncep.noaa.gov/sst). Dr. Matthew Parker from North Carolina State University provided valuable feedback on this work, as did Martin Baxter from Central Michigan University and an anonymous reviewer.
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