Regional Climates

Tim Li 3 , Abdallah Abida 6 , Laura S. Aldeco 7 , Eric J. Alfaro 8 , Lincoln M. Alves 9 , Jorge A. Amador 10 , B. Andrade 11 , Julian Baez 12 , M. Yu. Bardin 13 , Endalkachew Bekele 14 , Eric Broedel 15 , Brandon Bukunt 16 , Blanca Calderón 17 , Jayaka D. Campbell 18 , Diego A. Campos Diaz 19 , Gilma Carvajal 20 , Elise Chandler 21 , Vincent. Y. S. Cheng 22 , Chulwoon Choi 23 , Leonardo A. Clarke 24 , Kris Correa 25 , Felipe Costa 26 , A. P. Cunha 27 , Mesut Demircan 28 , R. Dhurmea 29 , Eliecer A. Díaz 30 , M. ElKharrim 31 , Bantwale D. Enyew 32 , Jhan C. Espinoza 33 , Amin Fazl-Kazem 34 , Nava Fedaeff 35 , Z. Feng 36 , Chris Fenimore 37 , S. D. Francis 38 , Karin Gleason 39 , Charles “Chip” P. Guard 40 , Indra Gustari 41 , S. Hagos 42 , Richard R. Heim Jr. 43 , Rafael Hernández 44 , Hugo G. Hidalgo 45 , J. A. Ijampy 46 , Annie C. Joseph 47 , Guillaume Jumaux 48 , Khadija Kabidi 49 , Johannes W. Kaiser 50 , Pierre-Honore Kamsu-Tamo 51 , John Kennedy 52 , Valentina Khan 53 , Mai Van Khiem 54 , Khatuna Kokosadze 55 , Natalia N. Korshunova 56 , Andries C. Kruger 57 , Nato Kutaladze 58 , L. Labbé 59 , Mónika Lakatos 60 , Hoang Phuc Lam 61 , Mark A. Lander 62 , Waldo Lavado-Casimiro 63 , T. C. Lee 64 , Kinson H. Y. Leung 65 , Andrew D. Magee 66 , Jostein Mamen 67 , José A. Marengo 68 , Dora Marín 69 , Charlotte McBride 70 , Lia Megrelidze 71 , Noelia Misevicius 72 , Y. Mochizuki 73 , Aurel Moise 74 , Jorge Molina-Carpio 75 , Natali Mora 76 , Awatif E. Mostafa 77 , uan José Nieto 78 , Lamjav Oyunjargal 79 , Reynaldo Pascual Ramírez 80 , Maria Asuncion Pastor Saavedra 81 , Uwe Pfeifroth 82 , David Phillips 83 , Madhavan Rajeevan 84 , Andrea M. Ramos 85 , Jayashree V. Revadekar 86 , Miliaritiana Robjhon 87 , Ernesto Rodriguez Camino 88 , Esteban Rodriguez Guisado 89 , Josyane Ronchail 90 , Benjamin Rösner 91 , Roberto Salinas 92 , Amal Sayouri 93 , Carl J. Schreck III 94 , Serhat Sensoy 95 , A. Shimpo 96 , Fatou Sima 97 , Adam Smith 98 , Jacqueline Spence 99 , Sandra Spillane 100 , Arne Spitzer 101 , A. K. Srivastava 102 , José L. Stella 103 , Kimberly A. Stephenson 104 , Tannecia S. Stephenson 105 , Michael A. Taylor 106 , Wassila Thiaw 107 , Skie Tobin 108 , Dennis Todey 109 , Katja Trachte 110 , Adrian R. Trotman 111 , Gerard van der Schrier 112 , Cedric J. Van Meerbeeck 113 , Ahad Vazifeh 114 , José Vicencio Veloso 115 , Wei Wang 116 , Fei Xin 117 , Peiqun Zhang 118 , Zhiwei Zhu 119 , and Jonas Zucule 120
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  • 1 Deutscher Wetterdienst, WMO RA VI Regional Climate Centre Network, Offenbach, Germany
  • 2 Bureau of Meteorology, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • 3 Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Hawai’i, Honolulu, Hawai’i, USA
  • 4 Department of Physics, North Carolina A & T State University, Greensboro, North Carolina
  • 5 NOAA/NESDIS National Centers for Environmental Information, Asheville, North Carolina
  • 6 Agence Nationale de l’Aviation Civile et de la Météorologie de l’Union des Comores, Moroni, Comoros
  • 7 Servicio Meteorológico Nacional, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 8 Center for Geophysical Research and School of Physics, University of Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica
  • 9 Centro de Ciencia do Sistema Terrestre/Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 10 Center for Geophysical Research and School of Physics, University of Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica
  • 11 Seychelles Meteorological Authority, Mahe, Seychelles
  • 12 Universidad Católica Nuestra Senora de la Asunción, Asunción, Paraguay
  • 13 Yu. A. Izrael Institute of Global Climate and Ecology, and Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
  • 14 NOAA/NWS Climate Prediction Center, College Park, Maryland
  • 15 Centro Nacional de Monitoramento e Alertas de Desastres Naturais CEMADEN, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 16 NOAA/NWS Weather Forecast Office, Guam
  • 17 Center for Geophysical Research, University of Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica
  • 18 Department of Physics, The University of the West Indies, Jamaica
  • 19 Dirección Meteorológica de Chile, Santiago de Chile, Chile
  • 20 Instituto Nacional de Meteorología e Hidrología de Ecuador (INAMHI), Quito, Ecuador
  • 21 Bureau of Meteorology, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • 22 Environment and Climate Change Canada, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 23 Climate Prediction Division, Korea Meteorological Administration, South Korea
  • 24 Department of Physics, The University of the West Indies, Jamaica
  • 25 Servicio Nacional de Meteorología e Hidrología del Perú, Lima, Perú
  • 26 Centro Internacional para la Investigación del Fenómeno El Niño (CIIFEN), Guayaquil, Ecuador
  • 27 Centro Nacional de Monitoramento e Alertas de Desastres Naturais CEMADEN, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 28 Turkish State Meteorological Service, Ankara, Turkey
  • 29 Mauritius Meteorological Service, Vacoas, Mauritius
  • 30 Instituto de Hidrología de Meteorología y Estudios Ambientales de Colombia (IDEAM), Bogotá, Colombia
  • 31 Direction de la Météorologie Nationale Maroc, Rabat, Morocco
  • 32 Department of Physics, North Carolina A & T State University, Greensboro, North Carolina
  • 33 Instituto Geofisico del Perú, Lima, Perú, and Université Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France
  • 34 National Center for Drought Monitoring and Crisis Management, Islamic Republic of Iranian Meteorological Organization, Tehran, Iran
  • 35 National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Ltd. (NIWA), Auckland, New Zealand
  • 36 Atmospheric Sciences and Global Change Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington
  • 37 NOAA/NESDIS National Centers for Environmental Information, Asheville, North Carolina
  • 38 National Weather Forecasting and Climate Research Centre, Nigerian Meteorological Agency, Abuja, Nigeria
  • 39 NOAA/NESDIS National Centers for Environmental Information, Asheville, North Carolina
  • 40 Tropical Weather Sciences, Sinajana, Guam
  • 41 Climate Variability Analysis Division, Center for Climate Change Information, BMKG, Indonesia
  • 42 Atmospheric Sciences and Global Change Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington
  • 43 NOAA/NESDIS National Centers for Environmental Information, Asheville, North Carolina
  • 44 Instituto Nacional de Meteorología e Hidrología de Venezuela (INAMEH), Caracas, Venezuela
  • 45 Center for Geophysical Research and School of Physics, University of Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica
  • 46 Nigerian Meteorological Agency, Abuja, Nigeria
  • 47 Dominica Meteorological Service, Canefield Airport, Canefield, Dominica
  • 48 Météo France, Direction Interrégionale pour l’Océan Indien, Réunion
  • 49 Direction de la Météorologie Nationale Maroc, Rabat, Morocco
  • 50 Deutscher Wetterdienst, Satellite-Based Climate Monitoring Division, Offenbach, Germany
  • 51 NOAA/NWS Climate Prediction Center, College Park, Maryland
  • 52 Met Office Hadley Centre, Exeter, United Kingdom
  • 53 Hydrometcenter of Russia, WMO North EurAsia Climate Center, Moscow, Russia
  • 54 Viet Nam National Center of Hydro-Meteorology Forecasting, Viet Nam Meteorology Hydrology Administration, Ha Noi, Viet Nam
  • 55 National Environmental Agency, Tbilisi, Georgia
  • 56 All-Russian Research Institute of Hydrometeorological Information - World Data Center, Obninsk, Russia
  • 57 South African Weather Service, Pretoria, South Africa
  • 58 National Environmental Agency, Tbilisi, Georgia
  • 59 Météo France, Direction Interrégionale pour l’Océan Indien, Réunion
  • 60 Climatology Unit, Hungarian Meteorological Service, Budapest, Hungary
  • 61 Viet Nam National Center of Hydro-Meteorology Forecasting, Viet Nam Meteorology Hydrology Administration, Ha Noi, Viet Nam
  • 62 University of Guam, Mangilao, Guam
  • 63 Servicio Nacional de Meteorología e Hidrología del Perú, Lima, Perú
  • 64 Hong Kong Observatory, Hong Kong, China
  • 65 Environment and Climate Change Canada, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 66 Centre for Water, Climate and Land, School of Environmental and Life Sciences, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia
  • 67 Climate Division, Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Oslo, Norway
  • 68 Centro Nacional de Monitoramento e Alertas aos Desastres Naturais, Cachoeira Paulista, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 69 Servicio Nacional de Meteorología e Hidrología (SENAMHI), Lima, Perú
  • 70 South African Weather Service, Pretoria, South Africa
  • 71 National Environmental Agency, Tbilisi, Georgia
  • 72 Instituto Uruguayo de Meteorología, Montevideo, Uruguay
  • 73 Tokyo Climate Center, Japan Meteorological Agency, Japan
  • 74 Centre for Climate Research Singapore, Meteorological Service, Singapore
  • 75 Universidad Mayor de San Andrés, La Paz, Bolivia
  • 76 Center for Geophysical Research and School of Physics, University of Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica
  • 77 Department of Seasonal Forecast and Climate Research, Cairo Numerical Weather Prediction, Egyptian Meteorological Authority, Cairo, Egypt
  • 78 Centro Internacional para la Investigación del Fenómeno El Niño (CIIFEN), Guayaquil, Ecuador
  • 79 National Agency for Meteorology, Hydrology and Environmental Monitoring, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • 80 National Meteorological Service of Mexico, Mexico
  • 81 Agencia Estatal de Meteorología, Madrid, Spain
  • 82 Deutscher Wetterdienst, Satellite-Based Climate Monitoring Division, Offenbach, Germany
  • 83 Environment and Climate Change Canada, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 84 Earth System Science Organization, Ministry of Earth Sciences, New Delhi, India
  • 85 Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia, Brasilia, Brazil
  • 86 Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune, India
  • 87 NOAA/NWS Climate Prediction Center, College Park, Maryland
  • 88 Agencia Estatal de Meteorología, Madrid, Spain
  • 89 Agencia Estatal de Meteorología, Madrid, Spain
  • 90 Université Paris Diderot/Laboratoire LOCEAN-IPSL, Paris, France
  • 91 Laboratory for Climatology and Remote Sensing, Faculty of Geography, University of Marburg, Marburg, Germany
  • 92 Dirección de Meteorología e Hidrología/Dirección Nacional de Aeronáutica Civil, Asunción, Paraguay
  • 93 Direction de la Météorologie Nationale Maroc, Rabat, Morocco
  • 94 North Carolina State University, Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites – North Carolina (CICS-NC), Asheville, North Carolina
  • 95 Turkish State Meteorological Service, Ankara, Turkey
  • 96 Tokyo Climate Center, Japan Meteorological Agency, Tokyo, Japan
  • 97 Division of Meteorology, Department of Water Resources, Banjul, The Gambia
  • 98 NOAA/NESDIS National Centers for Environmental Information, Asheville, North Carolina
  • 99 Meteorological Service, Kingston, Jamaica
  • 100 Met Éireann, Irish Meteorological Service, Dublin, Ireland
  • 101 Deutscher Wetterdienst, Satellite-Based Climate Monitoring Division, Offenbach, Germany
  • 102 India Meteorological Department, Pune, India
  • 103 Servicio Meteorológico Nacional, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 104 Department of Life Sciences, The University of the West Indies, Jamaica
  • 105 Department of Physics, The University of the West Indies, Jamaica
  • 106 Department of Physics, The University of the West Indies, Jamaica
  • 107 NOAA/NWS Climate Prediction Center, College Park, Maryland
  • 108 Bureau of Meteorology, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • 109 Agricultural Research Service, USDA Midwest Climate Hub, Ames, Iowa
  • 110 Brandenburg University of Technology (BTU), Cottbus, Germany
  • 111 Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology, Bridgetown, Barbados
  • 112 Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), De Bilt, Netherlands
  • 113 Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology, Bridgetown, Barbados
  • 114 National Center for Drought Monitoring and Crisis Management, Islamic Republic of Iranian Meteorological Organization, Tehran, Iran
  • 115 Dirección Meteorológica de Chile, Santiago de Chile, Chile
  • 116 Minhang Meteorological Bureau, Shanghai, China
  • 117 Shanghai Climate Center, Shanghai, China
  • 118 Beijing Climate Center, Beijing, China
  • 119 Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, China
  • 120 Mozambique National Institute of Meteorology, Maputo, Mozambique
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Corresponding author: North America: Ahira Sánchez-Lugo / Ahira.Sanchez-Lugo@noaa.gov., Central America and the Caribbean: Ahira Sánchez-Lugo / Ahira.Sanchez-Lugo@noaa.gov, South America: Ahira Sánchez-Lugo / Ahira.Sanchez-Lugo@noaa.gov, Africa: Ademe Mekonnen / amekonne@ncat.edu, Europe: Peter Bissolli / Peter.Bissolli@dwd.de, Asia: Tim Li / timli@hawaii.edu, Oceania: Catherine Ganter / Catherine.Ganter@bom.gov.au

Corresponding author: North America: Ahira Sánchez-Lugo / Ahira.Sanchez-Lugo@noaa.gov., Central America and the Caribbean: Ahira Sánchez-Lugo / Ahira.Sanchez-Lugo@noaa.gov, South America: Ahira Sánchez-Lugo / Ahira.Sanchez-Lugo@noaa.gov, Africa: Ademe Mekonnen / amekonne@ncat.edu, Europe: Peter Bissolli / Peter.Bissolli@dwd.de, Asia: Tim Li / timli@hawaii.edu, Oceania: Catherine Ganter / Catherine.Ganter@bom.gov.au
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