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Peter BissolliDeutscher Wetterdienst, WMO RA VI Regional Climate Centre Network, Offenbach, Germany

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Catherine GanterBureau of Meteorology, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

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Tim LiDepartment of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA

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Ademe MekonnenDepartment of Physics, North Carolina A & T University, Greensboro, North Carolina

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Ahira Sánchez-LugoNOAA/NESDIS National Centers for Environmental Information, Asheville, North Carolina

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Eric J. AlfaroCenter for Geophysical Research and School of Physics, University of Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica

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Lincoln M. AlvesCentro de Ciencia do Sistema Terrestre/Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, Sao Paulo, Brazil

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Jorge A. AmadorCenter for Geophysical Research and School of Physics, University of Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica

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B. AndradeSeychelles Meteorological Authority, Mahe, Seychelles

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Francisco ArgeñalsoDeutscher Wetterdienst, WMO RA VI Regional Climate Centre Network, Offenbach, Germany

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P. AsgarzadehNational Center for Climate and Drought Crisis Management, Islamic Republic of Iranian Meteorological Organization, Iran

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Julian BaezUniversidad Católica Nuestra Senora de la Asunción, Asunción, Paraguay

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Reuben BarakizaBurundi Hydrometeorological Department, Bujumbura, Burundi

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M. Yu. BardinYu. A. Izrael Institute of Global Climate and Ecology; Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

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Mikhail BardinInstitute of Global Climate and Ecology, Moscow, Russia

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Oliver BochníčekSlovak Hydrometeorological Institute, Slovakia

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Brandon BukuntNOAA/NWS Weather Forecast Office, Guam

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Blanca CalderónCenter for Geophysical Research, University of Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica

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Jayaka D. CampbellDepartment of Physics, The University of the West Indies, Jamaica

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Elise ChandlerBureau of Meteorology, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

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Ladislaus Chang’aTanzania Meteorological Authority, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

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Vincent Y. S. ChengEnvironment and Climate Change Canada, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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Leonardo A. ClarkeDepartment of Physics, The University of the West Indies, Jamaica

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Kris CorreaServicio Nacional de Meteorología e Hidrología del Perú, Lima, Perú

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Catalina CortésDirección de Meteorológica de Chile, Santiago de Chile, Chile

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Felipe CostaInternational Centre for Research on El Niño, Guayaqui, Ecuador

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A.P.M.A. CunhaCentro Nacional de Monitoramento e Alertas de Desastres Naturais CEMADEN, Sao Paulo, Brazil

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Mesut DemircanTurkish State Meteorological Service, Ankara, Turkey

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K. R. DhurmeaMauritius Meteorological Service, Vacoas, Mauritius

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A. DiawaraNOAA/NWS National Centers for Environmental Prediction, Climate Prediction Center, College Park, Maryland

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Sarah DioufNOAA/NWS National Centers for Environmental Prediction, Climate Prediction Center, College Park, Maryland

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Dashkhuu DulamsurenClimate change and resource research section, Information and Research, Institute of Meteorology, Hydrology and Environment, National Agency for Meteorology, Hydrology and Environmental Monitoring, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

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M. ElKharrimDirection de la Météorologie Nationale Maroc, Rabat, Morocco

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Jhan-Carlo EspinozaUniversité Grenoble Alpes, Institut des Géosciences de l’Environnement, IRD, CNRS, Grenoble INP, Grenoble, France

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A. Fazl-KazemNational Center for Drought Monitoring and Crisis Management, Islamic Republic of Iranian Meteorological Organization, Iran

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Chris FenimoreNOAA/NESDIS National Centers for Environmental Information, Asheville, North Carolina

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Steven FuhrmanNOAA/NWS National Centers for Environmental Prediction, Climate Prediction Center, College Park, Maryland

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Karin GleasonNOAA/NESDIS National Centers for Environmental Information, Asheville, North Carolina

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Charles “Chip” P. GuardTropical Weather Sciences, Sinajana, Guam

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Samson HagosPacific Northwest National Laboratory, Department of Energy, Richland, Washington

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Mizuki HanafusaTokyo Climate Center, Japan Meteorological Agency, Japan

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H. R. HasannezhadNational Center for Climate and Drought Crisis Management, Islamic Republic of Iranian Meteorological Organization, Iran

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Richard R. Heim Jr.NOAA/NESDIS National Centers for Environmental Information, Asheville, North Carolina

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Hugo G. HidalgoCenter for Geophysical Research and School of Physics, University of Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica

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J. A. IjampyNigerian Meteorological Agency, Abuja, Nigeria

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Gyo Soon ImClimate Change Monitoring Division, Korea Meteorological Administration, South Korea

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Annie C. JosephDominica Meteorological Service, Canefield, Dominica

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G. JumauxMétéo France, Direction Interrégionale pour l’Océan Indien, Réunion

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K. R. KabidiDirection de la Météorologie Nationale Maroc, Rabat, Morocco

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P-H. Kamsu-TamoNOAA/NWS National Centers for Environmental Prediction, Climate Prediction Center, College Park, Maryland

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John KennedyMet Office Hadley Centre, Exeter, United Kingdom

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Valentina KhanHydrometeorological Research Center of the Russian Federation/A.M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

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Mai Van KhiemViet Nam National Center of Hydro-Meteorology Forecasting, Viet Nam Meteorology Hydrology Administration, Viet Nam

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Philemon King’uzaTanzania Meteorological Authority, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

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Natalia N. KorshunovaAll-Russian Research Institute of Hydrometeorological Information - World Data Center, Obninsk, Russia

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A. C. KrugerClimate Service, South African Weather Service, Pretoria, South Africa Lakatos, Mónika, Climatology Unit, Hungarian Meteorological Service, Budapest, Hungary

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Hoang Phuc LamViet Nam National Center of Hydro-Meteorology Forecasting, Viet Nam Meteorology Hydrology Administration, Viet Nam

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Mark A. LanderUniversity of Guam, Mangilao, Guam

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Waldo Lavado-CasimiroServicio Nacional de Meteorología e Hidrología del Perú, Lima, Perú

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Tsz-Cheung LeeHong Kong Observatory, Hong Kong, China

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Kinson H. Y. LeungEnvironment and Climate Change Canada, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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Gregor MacaraNational Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Ltd., Auckland, New Zealand

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Jostein MamenClimate Division, Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Oslo, Norway

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José A. MarengoCentro Nacional de Monitoramento e Alertas de Desastres Naturais CEMADEN, Sao Paulo, Brazil

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Charlotte McBrideClimate Service, South African Weather Service, Pretoria, South Africa

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Noelia MiseviciusInstituto Uruguayo de Meteorología, Montevideo, Uruguay

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Aurel MoiseCentre for Climate Research Singapore, Meteorological Service, Singapore

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Jorge Molina-CarpioUniversidad Mayor de San Andrés, La Paz, Bolivia

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Natali MoraCenter for Geophysical Research, University of Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica

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Awatif E. MostafaDepartment of Seasonal Forecast and Climate Research, Cairo Numerical Weather Prediction, Egyptian Meteorological Authority, Cairo, Egypt

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Habiba MtongoriTanzania Meteorological Authority, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

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Charles MutaiKenya Meteorological Department, Nairobi, Kenya

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O. NdiayeSenegalese Meteorological Service, Dakar, Senegal

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Juan José NietoInternational Centre for Research on El Niño, Guayaqui, Ecuador

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Latifa NyemboTanzania Meteorological Authority, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

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Patricia Nying’uroKenya Meteorological Department, Nairobi, Kenya

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Xiao PanNanjing University of Information Science and Technology, China

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Reynaldo Pascual RamírezNational Meteorological Service of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico

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David PhillipsEnvironment and Climate Change Canada, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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Brad PughNOAA/NWS National Centers for Environmental Prediction, Climate Prediction Center, College Park, Maryland

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Madhavan RajeevanEarth System Science Organization, Ministry of Earth Sciences, New Delhi, India

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M. L. RakotonirinaMadagascar Meteorological Service, Madagascar

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Andrea M. RamosInstituto Nacional de Meteorologia, Brasilia, Brazil

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M. RobjhonNOAA/NWS National Centers for Environmental Prediction, Climate Prediction Center, College Park, Maryland

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Camino RodriguezErnesto, Agencia Estatal de Meteorología, Madrid, Spain

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Guisado RodriguezEsteban, Agencia Estatal de Meteorología, Madrid, Spain

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Josyane RonchailLaboratoire LOCEAN-IPSL, Paris, France

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Benjamin RösnerLaboratory for Climatology and Remote Sensing, Faculty of Geography, University of Marburg, Marburg, Germany

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Roberto SalinasDirección de Meteorología e Hidrología/Dirección Nacional de Aeronáutica Civil, Asunción, Paraguay

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Hirotaka SatoTokyo Climate Center, Japan Meteorological Agency, Japan

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Hitoshi SatoTokyo Climate Center, Japan Meteorological Agency, Japan

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Amal SayouriDirection de la Météorologie Nationale Maroc, Rabat, Morocco

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Joseph SebazigaRwanda Meteorology Agency, Kigali, Rwanda

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Serhat SensoyTurkish State Meteorological Service, Ankara, Turkey

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Sandra SpillaneMet Éireann, Dublin, Ireland

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Katja TrachteBrandenburg University of Technology, Cottbus, Germany

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Gerard van der SchrierRoyal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, De Bilt, Netherlands

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F. SimaDivision of Meteorology, Department of Water Resources, Banjul, The Gambia

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Adam SmithNOAA/NESDIS National Centers for Environmental Information, Asheville, North Carolina

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Jacqueline M. SpenceMeteorological Service, Jamaica, Kingston, Jamaica

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O. P. SreejithIndia Meteorological Department, Pune, India

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A. K. SrivastavaIndia Meteorological Department, Pune, India

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José L. StellaServicio Meteorológico Nacional, Buenos Aires, Argentina

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Kimberly A. StephensonDepartment of Life Sciences, The University of the West Indies, Jamaica

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Tannecia S. StephensonDepartment of Physics, The University of the West Indies, Jamaica

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S. SupariDivision for Climate Variability Analysis, Center for Climate Change Information, BMKG, Indonesia

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Sahar Tajbakhsh-MosalmanIslamic Republic of Iranian Meteorological Organization, Iran

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Gerard TamarGrenada Meteorological Office, St. George, Grenada

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Michael A. TaylorDepartment of Physics, The University of the West Indies, Jamaica

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Asaminew TeshomeEthiopia Meteorological Agency, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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Wassila M. ThiawDeutscher Wetterdienst, WMO RA VI Regional Climate Centre Network, Offenbach, Germany

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Skie TobinBureau of Meteorology, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

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Adrian R. TrotmanCaribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology, Bridgetown, Barbados

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Cedric J. Van MeerbeeckCaribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology, Bridgetown, Barbados

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A. VazifehNational Center for Drought Monitoring and Crisis Management, Islamic Republic of Iranian Meteorological Organization, Iran

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Shunya WakamatsuTokyo Climate Center, Japan Meteorological Agency, Japan

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Wei WangMinhang Meteorological Bureau, Shanghai, China

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Fei XinShanghai Climate Center, Shanghai, China

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F. ZengPacific Northwest National Laboratory, Department of Energy, Richland, Washington

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Peiqun ZhangBeijing Climate Center, Beijing, China

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Zhiwei ZhuNanjing University of Information Science and Technology, China

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Free access

Corresponding authors: North America: Ahira Sánchez-Lugo / Ahira.Sanchez-Lugo@noaa.gov. Central America and the Caribbean: Ahira Sánchez-Lugo / Ahira.Sanchez-Lugo@noaa.gov, South America: Ahira Sánchez-Lugo / Ahira.Sanchez-Lugo@noaa.gov, Africa: Ademe Mekonnen / amekonne@ncat.edu, Europe: Peter Bissolli / Peter.Bissolli@dwd.de, Asia: Tim Li / timli@hawaii.edu, Oceania: Catherine Ganter / Catherine.Ganter@bom.gov.au

Corresponding authors: North America: Ahira Sánchez-Lugo / Ahira.Sanchez-Lugo@noaa.gov. Central America and the Caribbean: Ahira Sánchez-Lugo / Ahira.Sanchez-Lugo@noaa.gov, South America: Ahira Sánchez-Lugo / Ahira.Sanchez-Lugo@noaa.gov, Africa: Ademe Mekonnen / amekonne@ncat.edu, Europe: Peter Bissolli / Peter.Bissolli@dwd.de, Asia: Tim Li / timli@hawaii.edu, Oceania: Catherine Ganter / Catherine.Ganter@bom.gov.au
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