The Arctic

Matthew L. Druckenmiller1, Twila A. Moon2, Richard L. Thoman3, Thomas J. Ballinger4, Logan T. Berner5, Germar H. Bernhard6, Uma S. Bhatt7, Jarle W. Bjerke8, Jason E. Box9, R. Brown10, John Cappelen11, Hanne H. Christiansen12, B. Decharme13, C. Derksen14, Dmitry Divine15, D. S. Drozdov16, A. Elias Chereque17, Howard E. Epstein18, L. M. Farquharson19, Sinead L. Farrell20, Robert S. Fausto21, Xavier Fettweis22, Vitali E. Fioletov23, Bruce C. Forbes24, Gerald V. Frost25, Emily Gargulinski26, Sebastian Gerland27, Scott J. Goetz28, Z. Grabinski29, Jens-Uwe Grooß30, Christian Haas31, Edward Hanna32, Inger Hanssen-Bauer33, Stefan Hendricks34, Robert M. Holmes35, Iolanda Ialongo36, K. Isaksen37, Piyush Jain38, Bjørn Johnsen39, L. Kaleschke40, A. L. Kholodov41, Seong-Joong Kim42, Niels J. Korsgaard43, Zachary Labe44, Kaisa Lakkala45, Mark J. Lara46, Bryant Loomis47, K. Luojus48, Matthew J. Macander49, G. V. Malkova50, Kenneth D. Mankoff51, Gloria L. Manney52, James W. McClelland53, Walter N. Meier54, Thomas Mote55, L. Mudryk56, Rolf Müller57, K. E. Nyland58, James E. Overland59, T. Park60, Olga Pavlova61, Don Perovich62, Alek Petty63, Gareth K. Phoenix64, Martha K. Raynolds65, C. H. Reijmer66, Jacqueline Richter-Menge67, Robert Ricker68, Vladimir E. Romanovsky69, Lindsay Scott70, Hazel Shapiro71, Alexander I. Shiklomanov72, Nikolai I. Shiklomanov73, C. J. P. P. Smeets74, Sharon L. Smith75, Amber Soja76, Robert G. M. Spencer77, Sandy Starkweather78, Dimitri A. Streletskiy79, Anya Suslova80, Tove Svendby81, Suzanne E. Tank82, Marco Tedesco83, X. Tian-Kunze84, Mary-Louise Timmermans85, Hans Tømmervik86, Mikhail Tretiakov87, Mark Tschudi88, Sofia Vakhutinsky89, Dirk van As90, R. S. W. van de Wal91, Sander Veraverbeke92, Donald A. Walker93, John E. Walsh94, Muyin Wang95, Melinda Webster96, Øyvind Winton97, K. Wood98, Alison York99, and Robert Ziel100
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  • 1 National Snow and Ice Data Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences at the University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado
  • | 2 National Snow and Ice Data Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences at the University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado
  • | 3 International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska
  • | 4 International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska
  • | 5 School of Informatics, Computing, and Cyber Systems, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona
  • | 6 Biospherical Instruments Inc., San Diego, California
  • | 7 Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska
  • | 8 Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, FRAM – High North Research Centre for Climate and the Environment, Tromsø, Norway
  • | 9 Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • | 10 Climate Research Division, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Montréal, Quebec, Canada
  • | 11 Danish Meteorological Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • | 12 Geology Department, University Centre in Svalbard, The University Center in Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway
  • | 13 Centre National de Recherches Météorologiques, Toulouse, France
  • | 14 Climate Research Division, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Downsview, Ontario, Canada
  • | 15 Norwegian Polar Institute, Fram Centre, Tromsø, Norway
  • | 16 Earth Cryosphere Institute, and Tyumen State University, Tyumen, Russia
  • | 17 Department of Physics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
  • | 18 Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia
  • | 19 Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska
  • | 20 Department of Geographical Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland
  • | 21 Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • | 22 SPHERES research unit, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium
  • | 23 Environment and Climate Change Canada, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • | 24 Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland
  • | 25 ABR, Inc. Environmental Research & Services, Fairbanks, Alaska
  • | 26 National Institute of Aerospace, Resident at NASA LaRC, Hampton, Virginia
  • | 27 Norwegian Polar Institute, Fram Centre, Tromsø, Norway
  • | 28 School of Informatics, Computing, and Cyber Systems, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona
  • | 29 Alaska Fire Science Consortium, International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska
  • | 30 Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich, Germany
  • | 31 Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany
  • | 32 School of Geography and Lincoln Centre for Water and Planetary Health, University of Lincoln, Lincoln, United Kingdom
  • | 33 Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Blindern, Oslo, Norway
  • | 34 Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany
  • | 35 Woodwell Climate Research Center, Falmouth, Massachusetts
  • | 36 Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland
  • | 37 Norwegian Meteorlogical Institute, Blindern, Oslo, Norway
  • | 38 Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Northern Forestry Centre, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
  • | 39 Norwegian Radiation and Nuclear Safety, Østerås, Norway
  • | 40 Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany
  • | 41 Earth Cryosphere Institute, Tyumen Science Center, Tyumen, Russia
  • | 42 Korea Polar Research Institute, Incheon, Republic of Korea
  • | 43 Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • | 44 Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado
  • | 45 Finnish Meteorological Institute, Sodankylä, Finland
  • | 46 Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois
  • | 47 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland
  • | 48 Arctic Research Centre, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland
  • | 49 ABR, Inc. Environmental Research & Services, Fairbanks, Alaska
  • | 50 Earth Cryosphere Institute, Tyumen Science Center, Tyumen, Russia
  • | 51 Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • | 52 NorthWest Research Associates, Socorro, New Mexico
  • | 53 University of Texas at Austin, Marine Science Institute, Port Aransas, Texas
  • | 54 National Snow and Ice Data Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environment Sciences at the University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado
  • | 55 Department of Geography, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia
  • | 56 Climate Research Division, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Downsview, Ontario, Canada
  • | 57 Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich, Germany
  • | 58 Department of Geography, George Washington University, Washington, D.C.
  • | 59 NOAA/OAR Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, Washington
  • | 60 NASA Ames Research Center, Mountain View, California, and Bay Area Environmental Research Institute, Moffett Field, California
  • | 61 Norwegian Polar Institute, Fram Centre, Tromsø, Norway
  • | 62 Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire
  • | 63 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland
  • | 64 Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom
  • | 65 Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska
  • | 66 Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research Utrecht, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
  • | 67 University of Alaska Fairbanks, Institute of Northern Engineering, Fairbanks, Alaska
  • | 68 Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany
  • | 69 Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska; Earth Cryosphere Institute, Tyumen Science Center, Tyumen, Russia
  • | 70 Woodwell Climate Research Center, Falmouth, Massachusetts
  • | 71 Arctic Research Consortium of the United States, Fairbanks, Alaska
  • | 72 University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire; Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia
  • | 73 Department of Geography, George Washington University, Washington, D.C.
  • | 74 Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research Utrecht, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
  • | 75 Geological Survey of Canada, Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
  • | 76 National Institute of Aerospace, Resident at NASA LaRC, Hampton, Virginia
  • | 77 Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida
  • | 78 Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder and Earth System Research Laboratory, NOAA, Boulder, Colorado
  • | 79 Department of Geography, George Washington University, Washington, D.C.
  • | 80 Woodwell Climate Research Center, Falmouth, Massachusetts
  • | 81 NILU-Norwegian Institute for Air Research, Kjeller, Norway
  • | 82 University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
  • | 83 Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, New York, and NASA Goddard Institute of Space Studies, New York, New York
  • | 84 Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany
  • | 85 Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut
  • | 86 Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, FRAM and High North Research Centre for Climate and the Environment, Tromsø, Norway
  • | 87 Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia
  • | 88 Aerospace Engineering Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado
  • | 89 National Snow and Ice Data Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences at the University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado
  • | 90 Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • | 91 Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research Utrecht and Department of Physical Geography, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
  • | 92 Faculty of Science, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • | 93 Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska
  • | 94 International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska
  • | 95 NOAA/OAR Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, and Cooperative Institute for Climate, Ocean, and Ecosystem Studies, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
  • | 96 Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska
  • | 97 Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • | 98 NOAA, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, Washington
  • | 99 Alaska Fire Science Consortium, International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska
  • | 100 Alaska Fire Science Consortium, International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska
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Corresponding author: Matthew L. Druckenmiller / druckenmiller@colorado.edu

Corresponding author: Matthew L. Druckenmiller / druckenmiller@colorado.edu
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