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The Arctic

Richard L. Thoman1, Matthew L. Druckenmiller2, Twila A. Moon3, L. M. Andreassen4, E. Baker5, Thomas J. Ballinger6, Logan T. Berner7, Germar H. Bernhard8, Uma S. Bhatt9, Jarle W. Bjerke10, L.N. Boisvert11, Jason E. Box12, B. Brettschneider13, D. Burgess14, Amy H. Butler15, John Cappelen16, Hanne H. Christiansen17, B. Decharme18, C. Derksen19, Dmitry Divine20, D. S. Drozdov21, Chereque A. Elias22, Howard E. Epstein23, Sinead L. Farrell24, Robert S. Fausto25, Xavier Fettweis26, Vitali E. Fioletov27, Bruce C. Forbes28, Gerald V. Frost29, Sebastian Gerland30, Scott J. Goetz31, Jens-Uwe Grooß32, Christian Haas33, Edward Hanna34, -Bauer Inger Hanssen35, M. M. P. D. Heijmans36, Stefan Hendricks37, Iolanda Ialongo38, K. Isaksen39, C. D. Jensen40, Bjørn Johnsen41, L. Kaleschke42, A. L. Kholodov43, Seong-Joong Kim44, J. Kohler45, Niels J. Korsgaard46, Zachary Labe47, Kaisa Lakkala48, Mark J. Lara49, Simon H. Lee50, Bryant Loomis51, B. Luks52, K. Luojus53, Matthew J. Macander54, R. Í Magnússon55, G. V. Malkova56, Kenneth D. Mankoff57, Gloria L. Manney58, Walter N. Meier59, Thomas Mote60, Lawrence Mudryk61, Rolf Müller62, K. E. Nyland63, James E. Overland64, F. Pálsson65, T. Park66, C. L. Parker67, Don Perovich68, Alek Petty69, Gareth K. Phoenix70, J. E. Pinzon71, Robert Ricker72, Vladimir E. Romanovsky73, S. P. Serbin74, G. Sheffield75, Nikolai I. Shiklomanov76, Sharon L. Smith77, K. M. Stafford78, A. Steer79, Dimitri A. Streletskiy80, Tove Svendby81, Marco Tedesco82, L. Thomson83, T. Thorsteinsson84, X. Tian-Kunze85, Mary-Louise Timmermans86, Hans Tømmervik87, Mark Tschudi88, C. J. Tucker89, Donald A. Walker90, John E. Walsh91, Muyin Wang92, Melinda Webster93, A. Wehrlé94, Øyvind Winton95, G. Wolken96, K. Wood97, B. Wouters98, and D. Yang99
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  • 1 International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska
  • | 2 National Snow and Ice Data Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado
  • | 3 National Snow and Ice Data Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado
  • | 4 Section for Glaciers, Snow and Ice, Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate, Oslo, Norway
  • | 5 United States Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center, Anchorage, Alaska
  • | 6 International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska
  • | 7 School of Informatics, Computing, and Cyber Systems, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona
  • | 8 Biospherical Instruments Inc., San Diego, California, United States
  • | 9 Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska
  • | 10 Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, FRAM and High North Research Centre for Climate and the Environment, Tromsø, Norway
  • | 11 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Marylamd
  • | 12 Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • | 13 National Weather Service Alaska Region, NOAA, Anchorage, Alaska
  • | 14 Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
  • | 15 NOAA Chemical Sciences Laboratory, Boulder, Colorado
  • | 16 Danish Meteorological Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • | 17 Geology Department, University Centre in Svalbard, The University Center in Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway
  • | 18 Centre National de Recherches Météorologiques, Toulouse, France
  • | 19 Climate Research Division, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Downsview, Ontario, Canada
  • | 20 Norwegian Polar Institute, Fram Centre, Tromsø, Norway
  • | 21 Earth Cryosphere Institute, and Tyumen State University, Tyumen, Russia
  • | 22 Department of Physics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
  • | 23 Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia
  • | 24 Department of Geographical Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland
  • | 25 Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • | 26 SPHERES research unit, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium
  • | 27 Environment and Climate Change Canada, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • | 28 Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland
  • | 29 ABR, Inc. Environmental Research & Services, Fairbanks, Alaska
  • | 30 Norwegian Polar Institute, Fram Centre, Tromsø, Norway
  • | 31 School of Informatics, Computing, and Cyber Systems, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona
  • | 32 Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich, Germany
  • | 33 Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany
  • | 34 School of Geography and Lincoln Centre for Water and Planetary Health, University of Lincoln, Lincoln, United Kingdom
  • | 35 Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Blindern, Oslo, Norway
  • | 36 Department of Environmental Sciences, Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, Netherlands
  • | 37 Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany
  • | 38 Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland
  • | 39 Norwegian Meteorlogical Institute, Blindern, Oslo, Norway
  • | 40 Danish Meteorological Survey, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • | 41 Norwegian Radiation and Nuclear Safety, Østerås, Norway
  • | 42 Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany
  • | 43 Earth Cryosphere Institute, Tyumen Science Center, Tyumen, Russia
  • | 44 Korea Polar Research Institute, Incheon, Republic of Korea
  • | 45 Norwegian Polar Institute, Tromsø, Norway
  • | 46 Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • | 47 Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States
  • | 48 Finnish Meteorological Institute, Sodankylä, Finland
  • | 49 Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois
  • | 50 Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, New York
  • | 51 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland
  • | 52 Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
  • | 53 Arctic Research Centre, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland
  • | 54 ABR, Inc., Environmental Research & Services, Fairbanks, Alaska
  • | 55 Department of Environmental Sciences, Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, Netherlands
  • | 56 Earth Cryosphere Institute, Tyumen Science Center, Tyumen, Russia
  • | 57 Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • | 58 NorthWest Research Associates, Socorro, New Mexico
  • | 59 National Snow and Ice Data Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environment Sciences at the University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado
  • | 60 Department of Geography, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia
  • | 61 Climate Research Division, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Downsview, Ontario, Canada
  • | 62 Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich, Germany
  • | 63 Department of Geography, George Washington University, Washington,D.C.
  • | 64 NOAA/OAR Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, Washington
  • | 65 Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Iceland, Reykjavík, Iceland
  • | 66 NASA Ames Research Center, Mountain View, California, and Bay Area Environmental Research Institute, Moffett Field, California
  • | 67 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD; Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland
  • | 68 Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire
  • | 69 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland
  • | 70 Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom
  • | 71 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland
  • | 72 Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany
  • | 73 Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska; Earth Cryosphere Institute, Tyumen Science Center, Tyumen, Russia
  • | 74 Environmental and Climate Sciences Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York
  • | 75 University of Alaska Fairbanks, Marine Advisory Program, Alaska Sea Grant, Nome, Alaska
  • | 76 Department of Geography, George Washington University, Washington, D.C.
  • | 77 Geological Survey of Canada, Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
  • | 78 Oregon State University, Marine Mammal Institute, Newport, Oregon
  • | 79 Norwegian Polar Institute, Fram Centre, Tromsø, Norway
  • | 80 Department of Geography, George Washington University, Washington,D.C.
  • | 81 NILU‐Norwegian Institute for Air Research, Kjeller, Norway
  • | 82 Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, New York, and NASA Goddard Institute of Space Studies, New York, New York
  • | 83 Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
  • | 84 Icelandic Meteorological Office, Reykjavík, Iceland
  • | 85 Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany
  • | 86 Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut
  • | 87 Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, FRAM and High North Research Centre for Climate and the Environment, Tromsø, Norway
  • | 88 Aerospace Engineering Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado
  • | 89 Environmental and Climate Sciences Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York
  • | 90 Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Alaska
  • | 91 International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska
  • | 92 NOAA/OAR Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, and Cooperative Institute for Climate, Ocean, and Ecosystem Studies, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
  • | 93 Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska; University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska
  • | 94 Institute of Geography, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
  • | 95 Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • | 96 Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys, Fairbanks, Alaska
  • | 97 NOAA, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, Washington
  • | 98 Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands
  • | 99 Environmental and Climate Sciences Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York; Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York
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Corresponding author: Richard Thoman / rthoman@alaska.edu

Corresponding author: Richard Thoman / rthoman@alaska.edu
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