Introduction

Tim Boyer NOAA/NESDIS National Centers for Environmental Information, Silver Spring, Maryland

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Ellen Bartow-Gillies NOAA/NESDIS National Centers for Environmental Information, Asheville, North Carolina

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A. Abida Agence Nationale de l’Aviation Civile et de la Météorologie, Moroni, Union of the Comoros

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Melanie Ades European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Reading, United Kingdom

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Robert Adler CMNS-Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland

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Susheel Adusumilli Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California

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W. Agyakwah NOAA/NWS National Centers for Environmental Prediction Climate Prediction Center, College Park, Maryland

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Brandon Ahmasuk Kawerak Inc., Nome, Alaska

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Laura S. Aldeco Servicio Meteorológico Nacional, Buenos Aires, Argentina

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Mihai Alexe European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Bonn, Germany

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Eric J. Alfaro Center for Geophysical Research and School of Physics, University of Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica

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Richard P. Allan Department of Meteorology and National Centre for Earth Observation, University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom

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Adam Allgood NOAA/NWS National Centers for Environmental Prediction Climate Prediction Center, College Park, Maryland

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Lincoln. M. Alves Centro Nacional de Monitoramento e Alertas de Desastres Naturais CEMADEN, São Paulo, Brazil

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Jorge A. Amador Center for Geophysical Research and School of Physics, University of Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica

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John Anderson Hampton University, Hampton, Virginia

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B. Andrade Seychelles Meteorological Authority, Mahe, Seychelles

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Orlane Anneville National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), CARRTEL, Université Savoie Mont Blanc, Chambéry, France

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Yasuyuki Aono Graduate School of Agriculture, Osaka Metropolitan University, Sakai, Japan

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Anthony Arguez NOAA/NESDIS National Centers for Environmental Information, Asheville, North Carolina

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Carlo Arosio University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany

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C. Atkinson Met Office Hadley Center, Exeter, United Kingdom

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John A. Augustine NOAA Global Monitoring Laboratory, Boulder, Colorado

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Grinia Avalos Servicio Nacional de Meteorología e Hidrología del Perú, Lima, Perú

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Cesar Azorin-Molina Centro de Investigaciones sobre Desertificación – Spanish National Research Council (CSIC-UV-GVA), Valencia, Spain

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Stacia A. Backensto National Park Service, Fairbanks, Alaska

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Stephan Bader Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology MeteoSwiss, Switzerland

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Julian Baez Universidad Católica Nuestra Señora de la Asunción, Asunción, Paraguay

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Rebecca Baiman Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado

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Thomas J. Ballinger International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska

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Alison F. Banwell Earth Science Observation Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (ESOC/CIRES), University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado

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M. Yu Bardin Yu. A. Izrael Institute of Global Climate and Ecology, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

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Jonathan Barichivich Instituto de Geografía, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Valparaíso, Chile; Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement (LSCE), LSCE/IPSL, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, Gif-sur-Yvette, France

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John E. Barnes retired, NOAA Global Monitoring Laboratory, Boulder, Colorado

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Sandra Barreira Argentine Naval Hydrographic Service, Buenos Aires, Argentina

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Rebecca L. Beadling Department of Earth and Environmental Science, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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Hylke E. Beck Physical Science and Engineering Division, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia

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Emily J. Becker University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, Miami, Florida

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E. Bekele NOAA/NWS National Centers for Environmental Prediction Climate Prediction Center, College Park, Maryland

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Guillem Martín Bellido Govern d’Andorra, Andorra la Vella, Andorra

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Nicolas Bellouin University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom

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Angela Benedetti European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Reading, United Kingdom

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Rasmus Benestad Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Oslo, Norway

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Christine Berne Meteo France, Toulouse, France

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Logan. T. Berner Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona

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Germar H. Bernhard Biospherical Instruments Inc., San Diego, California

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Uma S. Bhatt Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska

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A. E. Bhuiyan NOAA/NWS Climate Prediction Center, Silver Spring, Maryland

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Siiri Bigalke Plant, Soils and Climate Department, Utah State University, Logan, Utah

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Tiago Biló Cooperative Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Studies, University of Miami, Miami, Florida; NOAA/OAR Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, Miami, Florida

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Peter Bissolli Deutscher Wetterdienst, WMO RA VI Regional Climate Centre Network, Offenbach, Germany

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W. Bjerke Jarle Department of Arctic Ecology, Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Trondheim, Norway

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Kevin Blagrave Department of Biology, York University, Toronto, Canada

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Eric S. Blake NOAA/NWS National Hurricane Center, Miami, Florida

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Stephen Blenkinsop School of Engineering, Newcastle University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, United Kingdom

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Jessica Blunden NOAA/NESDIS National Centers for Environmental Information, Asheville, North Carolina

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Oliver Bochníček Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute, Bratislava, Slovakia

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Olivier Bock Université Paris Cité, Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, CNRS, IGN, F-75005Paris, France; ENSG-Géomatique, IGN, F-77455 Marne-la-Vallée, France

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Xavier Bodin Laboratoire EDYTEM, CNRS/Université Savoie Mont-Blanc, Chambéry, France

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Michael Bosilovich Global Modeling and Assimilation Office, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland

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Olivier Boucher Sorbonne Université, Paris, France

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Deniz Bozkurt Department of Meteorology, University of Valparaíso, Valparaíso, Chile; Center for Climate and Resilience Research (CR)2, Santiago, Chile

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Brian Brettschneider NOAA/NWS Alaska Region, Anchorage, Alaska

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Francis G. Bringas NOAA/OAR Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, Miami, Florida

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Francis Bringas NOAA/OAR Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, Miami, Florida

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Dennis Buechler University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, Alabama

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Stefan A. Buehler Universität Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany

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Brandon Bukunt NOAA/NWS Weather Forecast Office, Tiyan, Guam

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Blanca Calderón Center for Geophysical Research, University of Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica

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Suzana J. Camargo Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, New York

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Jayaka Campbell Department of Physics, The University of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica

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Diego Campos Dirección Meteorológica de Chile (DMC), Santiago, Chile

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Laura Carrea Department of Meteorology, University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom

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Brendan R. Carter Cooperative Institute for Climate, Ocean, and Ecosystem Studies, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington; NOAA/OAR Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, Washington

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Ivona Cetinić NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland; Morgan State University, Baltimore, Maryland

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Don P. Chambers College of Marine Science, University of South Florida, St. Petersburg, Florida

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Duo Chan Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts

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Elise Chandler Bureau of Meteorology, Melbourne, Australia

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Kai-Lan Chang Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado; NOAA Chemical Sciences Laboratory, Boulder, Colorado

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Hua Chen Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing, China

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Lin Chen Institute for Climate and Application Research (ICAR)/KLME/ILCEC/CIC-FEMD, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing, China

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Lijing Cheng International Center for Climate and Environment Sciences, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

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Vincent Y. S. Cheng Environment and Climate Change Canada, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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Leah Chomiak Cooperative Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Studies, University of Miami; NOAA/OAR Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, Miami, Florida; Rosenstiel School of Marine, Atmospheric, and Earth Science, University of Miami, Miami, Florida

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Hanne H. Christiansen Geology Department, University Centre in Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway

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John R. Christy University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, Alabama

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Eui-Seok Chung Korea Polar Research Institute, Incheon, South Korea

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Laura M. Ciasto NOAA/NWS National Centers for Environmental Prediction Climate Prediction Center, College Park, Maryland

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Leonardo Clarke Department of Physics, The University of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica

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Kyle R. Clem School of Geography, Environment and Earth Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand

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Scott Clingan Cooperative Institute for Research in the Earth Sciences, NOAA Global Monitoring Laboratory, Boulder, Colorado

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Caio A.S. Coelho Centro de Previsão do Tempo e Estudos Climáticos/National Institute for Space Research, Center for Weather Forecasts and Climate Studies, Cachoeira Paulista, Brazil

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Judah L. Cohen Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Lexington, Massachusetts

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Melanie Coldewey-Egbers DLR (German Aerospace Center) Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany

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Steve Colwell British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, United Kingdom

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Owen R. Cooper Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado; NOAA Chemical Sciences Laboratory, Boulder, Colorado

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Richard C. Cornes National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, United Kingdom

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Kris Correa Servicio Nacional de Meteorología e Hidrología del Perú, Lima, Perú

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Felipe Costa Centro Internacional para la Investigación del Fenómeno de El Niño (CIIFEN), Guayaquil, Ecuador

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Curt Covey Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California

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Lawrence Coy Science Systems and Applications, Inc., Lanham, Maryland; NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland

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Jean-François Créatux LEGOS (CNES/CNRS/IRD/UPS), University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France

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Lenka Crhova Czech Hydrometeorological Institute, Prague, Czech Republic

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Theresa Crimmins USA National Phenology Network, School of Natural Resources and the Environment, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona

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Meghan F. Cronin NOAA/OAR Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, Washington

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Thomas Cropper National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, United Kingdom

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Molly Crotwell Cooperative Institute for Research in the Earth Sciences, NOAA Global Monitoring Laboratory, Boulder, Colorado

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Joshua Culpepper Department of Biology, York University, Toronto, Canada

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Ana P. Cunha Centro Nacional de Monitoramento e Alertas de Desastres Naturais CEMADEN, São Paulo, Brazil

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Diego Cusicanqui Université Grenoble Alpes, Institut de Géosciences de l’Environnement (IGE), Grenoble, France

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Rajashree T. Datta Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado

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Sean M. Davis NOAA Chemical Sciences Laboratory, Boulder, Colorado

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Veerle De Bock Royal Meteorological Institute of Belgium (KMI), Brussels, Belgium

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Richard A. M. de Jeu Planet Labs, Haarlem, The Netherlands

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Jos De Laat Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), DeBilt, The Netherlands

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Bertrand Decharme Centre National de Recherches Météorologiques, Météo-France/CNRS, Toulouse, France

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Doug Degenstein University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada

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Reynald Delaloye Department of Geosciences, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland

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Mesut Demircan Turkish State Meteorological Service, Igdir, Türkiye

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Chris Derksen Climate Research Division, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Toronto, Canada

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Ricardo Deus Portuguese Sea and Atmosphere Institute, Lisbon, Portugal

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K. R. Dhurmea Mauritius Meteorological Service, Vacoas, Mauritius

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Howard J. Diamond NOAA/OAR Air Resources Laboratory, College Park, Maryland

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S. Dirkse Namibia Meteorological Service, Windhoek, Namibia

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Dmitry Divine Norwegian Polar Institute, Fram Centre, Tromso, Norway

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Martin T. Dokulil Research Institute for Limnology, University of Innsbruck, Mondsee, Austria

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Markus G. Donat Barcelona Supercomputing Centre, Barcelona, Spain; Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), Barcelona, Spain

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Shenfu Dong NOAA/OAR Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, Miami, Florida

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Wouter A. Dorigo TU Wien, Department of Geodesy and Geoinformation, Vienna, Austria

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Caroline Drost Jensen Danish Meteorological Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Matthew L. Druckenmiller National Snow and Ice Data Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado

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Paula Drumond Portuguese Sea and Atmosphere Institute, Lisbon, Portugal

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Marcel du Plessis Department of Marine Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden

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Hilary A. Dugan Center for Limnology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin

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Dashkhuu Dulamsuren Institute of Meteorology, Hydrology and Environment, National Agency for Meteorology, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

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Devon Dunmire Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado

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Robert J. H. Dunn Met Office Hadley Centre, Exeter, United Kingdom

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Imke Durre NOAA/NESDIS National Centers for Environmental Information, Asheville, North Carolina

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Geoff Dutton Cooperative Institute for Research in the Earth Sciences, NOAA Global Monitoring Laboratory, Boulder, Colorado

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Gregory Duveiller Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany

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Mithat Ekici Turkish State Meteorological Service, Ankara, Türkiye

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Alesksandra Elias Chereque Department of Physics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

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M. ElKharrim Direction de la Météorologie Nationale Maroc, Rabat, Morocco

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Howard E. Epstein University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia

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Jhan-Carlo Espinoza Université Grenoble Alpes, Institut des Géosciences de l’Environnement, IRD, CNRS, Grenoble INP, Grenoble, France

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Thomas W. Estilow Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey

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