Cooperation and Collaboration among the Nation's Meteorology, Oceanography, and Satellite Operational Processing Centers: An Evolving Era in U.S. Civilian–Military Partnerships

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The United States has several meteorological, oceanographic, and satellite operational processing centers (OPCs) in the military and civilian sectors. Separate cooperative and complementary military and civilian OPCs provide sufficient redundancy for backup purposes; permit the development of state-of-the-art forecasting schemes, such as the ensemble technique; and ensure the diverse environmental needs of military and civilian users are met with the most efficient use of resources. The effective collaboration of the military and civilian OPCs has resulted in the development of a truly national meteorological and oceanographic resource not attainable within any single agency.

*Office of the Federal Coordinator for Meteorology, Silver Spring, Maryland.

+National Centers for Environmental Prediction, Camp Springs, Maryland.

#Air Force Global Weather Center, Offutt AFB, Nebraska.

@Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center, Monterey, California.

&Naval Oceanographic Office, Stennis Space Center, Mississippi.

**National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service Office of Satellite Data Processing and Distribution, Suitland, Maryland.

Corresponding author address: Robert J. Dumont, Office of the Federal Coordinator for Meteorology, 8455 Colesville Road, Suite 1500, Silver Spring, MD 20910. E-mail: rdumont@smtpgate.ssmc.noaa.gov

The United States has several meteorological, oceanographic, and satellite operational processing centers (OPCs) in the military and civilian sectors. Separate cooperative and complementary military and civilian OPCs provide sufficient redundancy for backup purposes; permit the development of state-of-the-art forecasting schemes, such as the ensemble technique; and ensure the diverse environmental needs of military and civilian users are met with the most efficient use of resources. The effective collaboration of the military and civilian OPCs has resulted in the development of a truly national meteorological and oceanographic resource not attainable within any single agency.

*Office of the Federal Coordinator for Meteorology, Silver Spring, Maryland.

+National Centers for Environmental Prediction, Camp Springs, Maryland.

#Air Force Global Weather Center, Offutt AFB, Nebraska.

@Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center, Monterey, California.

&Naval Oceanographic Office, Stennis Space Center, Mississippi.

**National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service Office of Satellite Data Processing and Distribution, Suitland, Maryland.

Corresponding author address: Robert J. Dumont, Office of the Federal Coordinator for Meteorology, 8455 Colesville Road, Suite 1500, Silver Spring, MD 20910. E-mail: rdumont@smtpgate.ssmc.noaa.gov
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