A real-time and automated multiple-Doppler analysis method for ground-based radar data, with an emphasis on observations conducted over complex terrain, is presented. It is the result of a joint effort of the radar groups of Centre National de Recherches Météorologiques and Laboratoire d'Aérologie with a view to converging toward a common optimized procedure to retrieve mass-conserved three-dimensional wind fields in the presence of complex topography. The multiple-Doppler synthesis and continuity adjustment technique initially proposed for airborne Doppler radar data, then extended to ground-based Doppler radars and nonflat orography, is combined with a variational approach aimed at improving the vertical velocity calculation over mountainous regions. This procedure was successfully applied in real time during the Mesoscale Alpine Programme Special Observing Period. The real-time processing and display of Doppler radar data were intended to assist nowcast and aircraft missions, and involved efforts of the United Sates, France, and Switzerland.
*Centre National de Recherches Météorologiques, CNRS and Météo-France, Toulouse, France.
+Laboratoire d'Aérologie, CNRS and Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France.
#Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
@National Center for Atmospheric Research,** Boulder, Colorado.
&MeteoSvizzera, Locarno-Monti, Switzerland.
**The National Center for Atmospheric Research is sponsored by the National Science Foundation.