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Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean

Taneil Uttal
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Judith A. Curry
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Miles G. McPhee
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Donald K. Perovich
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Richard E. Moritz
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James A. Maslanik
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Peter S. Guest
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Harry L. Stern
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James A. Moore
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Rene Turenne
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Andreas Heiberg
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Mark. C. Serreze
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Donald P. Wylie
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Ola G. Persson
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Clayton A. Paulson
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James H. Morison
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Alexander Makshtas
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Janet M. Intrieri
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Knut Stamnes
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Ronald W. Lindsey
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Robert Pinkel
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Thomas C. Grenfeld
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A summary is presented of the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean (SHEBA) project, with a focus on the field experiment that was conducted from October 1997 to October 1998. The primary objective of the field work was to collect ocean, ice, and atmospheric datasets over a full annual cycle that could be used to understand the processes controlling surface heat exchanges—in particular, the ice–albedo feedback and cloud–radiation feedback. This information is being used to improve formulations of arctic ice–ocean–atmosphere processes in climate models and thereby improve simulations of present and future arctic climate. The experiment was deployed from an ice breaker that was frozen into the ice pack and allowed to drift for the duration of the experiment. This research platform allowed the use of an extensive suite of instruments that directly measured ocean, atmosphere, and ice properties from both the ship and the ice pack in the immediate vicinity of the ship. This summary describes the project goals, experimental design, instrumentation, and the resulting datasets. Examples of various data products available from the SHEBA project are presented.

NOAA/Environmental Technology Laboratory, Boulder, Colorado

University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado

McPhee Research Company, Naches, Washington

Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, U.S. Army, Hanover, New Hampshire

University of Washington, Seattle, Washington

Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California

University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado

Canadian Coast Guard, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada

Cooperative Institute for Research in the Environmental Sciences, Boulder, Colorado

University of Wisconsin—Madison, Madison, Wisconsin

Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon

Scripps Institute of Oceanography, Lajolla, California

University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska

Winnepeg, Canada

Science and Technology Corporation, Boulder, Colorado

Stevens Institute of Technology, Maplewood, New Jersey

CORRESPONDING AUTHOR: Taneil Uttal, NOAA/Environmental Technology Laboratory, R/E/ET6, 325 Broadway, Boulder, CO 80305-3328, E-mail: taneil.uttal@noaa.gov

A summary is presented of the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean (SHEBA) project, with a focus on the field experiment that was conducted from October 1997 to October 1998. The primary objective of the field work was to collect ocean, ice, and atmospheric datasets over a full annual cycle that could be used to understand the processes controlling surface heat exchanges—in particular, the ice–albedo feedback and cloud–radiation feedback. This information is being used to improve formulations of arctic ice–ocean–atmosphere processes in climate models and thereby improve simulations of present and future arctic climate. The experiment was deployed from an ice breaker that was frozen into the ice pack and allowed to drift for the duration of the experiment. This research platform allowed the use of an extensive suite of instruments that directly measured ocean, atmosphere, and ice properties from both the ship and the ice pack in the immediate vicinity of the ship. This summary describes the project goals, experimental design, instrumentation, and the resulting datasets. Examples of various data products available from the SHEBA project are presented.

NOAA/Environmental Technology Laboratory, Boulder, Colorado

University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado

McPhee Research Company, Naches, Washington

Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, U.S. Army, Hanover, New Hampshire

University of Washington, Seattle, Washington

Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California

University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado

Canadian Coast Guard, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada

Cooperative Institute for Research in the Environmental Sciences, Boulder, Colorado

University of Wisconsin—Madison, Madison, Wisconsin

Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon

Scripps Institute of Oceanography, Lajolla, California

University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska

Winnepeg, Canada

Science and Technology Corporation, Boulder, Colorado

Stevens Institute of Technology, Maplewood, New Jersey

CORRESPONDING AUTHOR: Taneil Uttal, NOAA/Environmental Technology Laboratory, R/E/ET6, 325 Broadway, Boulder, CO 80305-3328, E-mail: taneil.uttal@noaa.gov
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