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North American Regional Reanalysis

Fedor Mesinger
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Geoff DiMego
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Eugenia Kalnay
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Kenneth Mitchell
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Perry C. Shafran
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Wesley Ebisuzaki
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Dušan Jović
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Jack Woollen
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Eric Rogers
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Ernesto H. Berbery
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Michael B. Ek
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Yun Fan
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Robert Grumbine
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Wayne Higgins
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Hong Li
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Ying Lin
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Geoff Manikin
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David Parrish
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Wei Shi
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In 1997, during the late stages of production of NCEP–NCAR Global Reanalysis (GR), exploration of a regional reanalysis project was suggested by the GR project's Advisory Committee, “particularly if the RDAS [Regional Data Assimilation System] is significantly better than the global reanalysis at capturing the regional hydrological cycle, the diurnal cycle and other important features of weather and climate variability.” Following a 6-yr development and production effort, NCEP's North American Regional Reanalysis (NARR) project was completed in 2004, and data are now available to the scientific community. Along with the use of the NCEP Eta model and its Data Assimilation System (at 32-km–45-layer resolution with 3-hourly output), the hallmarks of the NARR are the incorporation of hourly assimilation of precipitation, which leverages a comprehensive precipitation analysis effort, the use of a recent version of the Noah land surface model, and the use of numerous other datasets that are additional or improved compared to the GR. Following the practice applied to NCEP's GR, the 25-yr NARR retrospective production period (1979–2003) is augmented by the construction and daily execution of a system for near-real-time continuation of the NARR, known as the Regional Climate Data Assimilation System (R-CDAS). Highlights of the NARR results are presented: precipitation over the continental United States (CONUS), which is seen to be very near the ingested analyzed precipitation; fits of tropospheric temperatures and winds to rawinsonde observations; and fits of 2-m temperatures and 10-m winds to surface station observations. The aforementioned fits are compared to those of the NCEP–Department of Energy (DOE) Global Reanalysis (GR2). Not only have the expectations cited above been fully met, but very substantial improvements in the accuracy of temperatures and winds compared to that of GR2 are achieved throughout the troposphere. Finally, the numerous datasets produced are outlined and information is provided on the data archiving and present data availability.

NCEP/Environmental Modeling Center, Camp Springs, Maryland, and University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado

NCEP/Environmental Modeling Center, Camp Springs, Maryland

Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland

NCEP/Environmental Modeling Center, Camp Springs, Maryland, and Science Applications International Corporation, San Diego, California

NCEP/Climate Prediction Center, Camp Springs, Maryland

NCEP/Climate Prediction Center, Camp Springs, Maryland, and RS Information Systems, McLean, Virginia

CORRESPONDING AUTHOR: Fedor Mesinger, NCEP/Environmental Modeling Center, 5200 Auth Road, Room 207, Camp Springs, MD 20746-4304, E-mail: fedor.mesinger@noaa.gov

In 1997, during the late stages of production of NCEP–NCAR Global Reanalysis (GR), exploration of a regional reanalysis project was suggested by the GR project's Advisory Committee, “particularly if the RDAS [Regional Data Assimilation System] is significantly better than the global reanalysis at capturing the regional hydrological cycle, the diurnal cycle and other important features of weather and climate variability.” Following a 6-yr development and production effort, NCEP's North American Regional Reanalysis (NARR) project was completed in 2004, and data are now available to the scientific community. Along with the use of the NCEP Eta model and its Data Assimilation System (at 32-km–45-layer resolution with 3-hourly output), the hallmarks of the NARR are the incorporation of hourly assimilation of precipitation, which leverages a comprehensive precipitation analysis effort, the use of a recent version of the Noah land surface model, and the use of numerous other datasets that are additional or improved compared to the GR. Following the practice applied to NCEP's GR, the 25-yr NARR retrospective production period (1979–2003) is augmented by the construction and daily execution of a system for near-real-time continuation of the NARR, known as the Regional Climate Data Assimilation System (R-CDAS). Highlights of the NARR results are presented: precipitation over the continental United States (CONUS), which is seen to be very near the ingested analyzed precipitation; fits of tropospheric temperatures and winds to rawinsonde observations; and fits of 2-m temperatures and 10-m winds to surface station observations. The aforementioned fits are compared to those of the NCEP–Department of Energy (DOE) Global Reanalysis (GR2). Not only have the expectations cited above been fully met, but very substantial improvements in the accuracy of temperatures and winds compared to that of GR2 are achieved throughout the troposphere. Finally, the numerous datasets produced are outlined and information is provided on the data archiving and present data availability.

NCEP/Environmental Modeling Center, Camp Springs, Maryland, and University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado

NCEP/Environmental Modeling Center, Camp Springs, Maryland

Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland

NCEP/Environmental Modeling Center, Camp Springs, Maryland, and Science Applications International Corporation, San Diego, California

NCEP/Climate Prediction Center, Camp Springs, Maryland

NCEP/Climate Prediction Center, Camp Springs, Maryland, and RS Information Systems, McLean, Virginia

CORRESPONDING AUTHOR: Fedor Mesinger, NCEP/Environmental Modeling Center, 5200 Auth Road, Room 207, Camp Springs, MD 20746-4304, E-mail: fedor.mesinger@noaa.gov
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