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The Climode Field Campaign: Observing the Cycle of Convection and Restratification over the Gulf Stream

The Climode Group:MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts
University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii
Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences, St. George's, Bermuda
The Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts
University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut
University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
Duke University, Durham, North Carolina
NOAA/Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, Miami, Florida
Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio
MIT, Cambridge, and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, WoodsHole, Massachusetts
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California
Stanford University, Stanford, California

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J. MarshallMIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts

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R. FerrariMIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts

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G. ForgetMIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts

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G. MazeMIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts

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A. AnderssonUniversity of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii

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N. BatesBermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences, St. George's, Bermuda

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W. DewarThe Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida

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S. DoneyWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts

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D. FratantoniWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts

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T. JoyceWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts

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F. StraneoWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts

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J. TooleWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts

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R. WellerWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts

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J. EdsonUniversity of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut

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M. GreggUniversity of Washington, Seattle, Washington

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K. KellyUniversity of Washington, Seattle, Washington

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S. LozierDuke University, Durham, North Carolina

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J. PalterDuke University, Durham, North Carolina

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R. LumpkinNOAA/Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, Miami, Florida

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R. SamelsonOhio State University, Columbus, Ohio

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E. SkyllingstadOhio State University, Columbus, Ohio

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K. SilverthorneMIT, Cambridge, and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, WoodsHole, Massachusetts

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L. TalleyScripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California

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L. ThomasStanford University, Stanford, California

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Abstract

A major oceanographic field experiment is described, which is designed to observe, quantify, and understand the creation and dispersal of weakly stratified fluid known as “mode water” in the region of the Gulf Stream. Formed in the wintertime by convection driven by the most intense air–sea fluxes observed anywhere over the globe, the role of mode waters in the general circulation of the subtropical gyre and its biogeo-chemical cycles is also addressed. The experiment is known as the CLIVAR Mode Water Dynamic Experiment (CLIMODE). Here we review the scientific objectives of the experiment and present some preliminary results.

Abstract

A major oceanographic field experiment is described, which is designed to observe, quantify, and understand the creation and dispersal of weakly stratified fluid known as “mode water” in the region of the Gulf Stream. Formed in the wintertime by convection driven by the most intense air–sea fluxes observed anywhere over the globe, the role of mode waters in the general circulation of the subtropical gyre and its biogeo-chemical cycles is also addressed. The experiment is known as the CLIVAR Mode Water Dynamic Experiment (CLIMODE). Here we review the scientific objectives of the experiment and present some preliminary results.

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