The Pre-Depression Investigation of Cloud-Systems in the Tropics (PREDICT) Experiment: Scientific Basis, New Analysis Tools, and Some First Results

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  • 1 Department of Meteorology, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California
  • 2 National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado
  • 3 Northwest Research Associates, Bellevue, Washington
  • 4 Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana—Champaign, Urbana, Illinois
  • 5 University of Wisconsin/CIMSS, Madison, Wisconsin
  • 6 Department of Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, New York
  • 7 Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, Miami, Florida
  • 8 Department of Meteorology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania
  • 9 Meteorological Institute, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich, Germany
  • 10 Department of Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, New York
  • 11 Department of Meteorology, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California
  • 12 Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana
  • 13 National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado
  • 14 Department of Meteorology, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California
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The principal hypotheses of a new model of tropical cyclogenesis, known as the marsupial paradigm, were tested in the context of Atlantic tropical disturbances during the National Science Foundation (NSF)-sponsored Pre-Depression Investigation of Cloud Systems in the Tropics (PREDICT) experiment in 2010. PREDICT was part of a tri-agency collaboration, along with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Genesis and Rapid Intensification Processes (NASA GRIP) experiment and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Intensity Forecasting Experiment (NOAA IFEX), intended to examine both developing and nondeveloping tropical disturbances.

During PREDICT, a total of 26 missions were flown with the NSF/NCAR Gulfstream V (GV) aircraft sampling eight tropical disturbances. Among these were four cases (Fiona, ex-Gaston, Karl, and Matthew) for which three or more missions were conducted, many on consecutive days. Because of the scientific focus on the Lagrangian nature of the tropical cyclogenesis process, a wave-relative frame of reference was adopted throughout the experiment in which various model- and satellite-based products were examined to guide aircraft planning and real-time operations. Here, the scientific products and examples of data collected are highlighted for several of the disturbances. The suite of cases observed represents arguably the most comprehensive, self-consistent dataset ever collected on the environment and mesoscale structure of developing and nondeveloping predepression disturbances.

The principal hypotheses of a new model of tropical cyclogenesis, known as the marsupial paradigm, were tested in the context of Atlantic tropical disturbances during the National Science Foundation (NSF)-sponsored Pre-Depression Investigation of Cloud Systems in the Tropics (PREDICT) experiment in 2010. PREDICT was part of a tri-agency collaboration, along with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Genesis and Rapid Intensification Processes (NASA GRIP) experiment and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Intensity Forecasting Experiment (NOAA IFEX), intended to examine both developing and nondeveloping tropical disturbances.

During PREDICT, a total of 26 missions were flown with the NSF/NCAR Gulfstream V (GV) aircraft sampling eight tropical disturbances. Among these were four cases (Fiona, ex-Gaston, Karl, and Matthew) for which three or more missions were conducted, many on consecutive days. Because of the scientific focus on the Lagrangian nature of the tropical cyclogenesis process, a wave-relative frame of reference was adopted throughout the experiment in which various model- and satellite-based products were examined to guide aircraft planning and real-time operations. Here, the scientific products and examples of data collected are highlighted for several of the disturbances. The suite of cases observed represents arguably the most comprehensive, self-consistent dataset ever collected on the environment and mesoscale structure of developing and nondeveloping predepression disturbances.

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