All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 1290 631 59
PDF Downloads 901 431 34

Hyperspectral Earth Observation from IASI: Five Years of Accomplishments

Fiona HiltonMet Office, Exeter, United Kingdom

Search for other papers by Fiona Hilton in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Raymond ArmanteLaboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique/CNRS/IPSL, Paris, France

Search for other papers by Raymond Armante in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Thomas AugustEUMETSAT, Darmstadt, Germany

Search for other papers by Thomas August in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Chris BarnetNOAA/NESDIS, Camp Springs, Maryland

Search for other papers by Chris Barnet in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Aurelie BouchardMétéo-France, and CNRS/CNRM-GAME, Paris, France

Search for other papers by Aurelie Bouchard in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Claude Camy-PeyretUMPC University Paris 06, Paris, France

Search for other papers by Claude Camy-Peyret in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Virginie CapelleLaboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique/CNRS/IPSL, Paris, France

Search for other papers by Virginie Capelle in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Lieven ClarisseSpectroscopie de l'Atmosphère, Chimie Quantique et Photophysique, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium

Search for other papers by Lieven Clarisse in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Cathy ClerbauxUPMC University Paris 06, Paris, and Université Versailles St.-Quentin, Versailles, and CNRS/INSU, LATMOS-IPSL, Paris, France

Search for other papers by Cathy Clerbaux in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Pierre-Francois CoheurSpectroscopie de l'Atmosphère, Chimie Quantique et Photophysique, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium

Search for other papers by Pierre-Francois Coheur in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Andrew CollardNOAA/NCEP/EMC/IMSG, Camp Springs, Maryland

Search for other papers by Andrew Collard in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Cyril CrevoisierLaboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique/CNRS/IPSL, Paris, France

Search for other papers by Cyril Crevoisier in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Gaelle DufourLISA-CNRS/Université de Paris 12 et Paris 7, Paris, France

Search for other papers by Gaelle Dufour in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
David EdwardsNational Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado

Search for other papers by David Edwards in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Francois FaijanCentre de Météorologie Spatiale, Météo-France, Lannion, France

Search for other papers by Francois Faijan in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Nadia FourriéMétéo-France, and CNRS/CNRM-GAME, Paris, France

Search for other papers by Nadia Fourrié in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Antonia GambacortaDell, Inc., Round Rock, Texas

Search for other papers by Antonia Gambacorta in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Mitchell GoldbergNOAA/NESDIS, Camp Springs, Maryland

Search for other papers by Mitchell Goldberg in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Vincent GuidardMétéo-France, and CNRS/CNRM-GAME, Paris, France

Search for other papers by Vincent Guidard in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Daniel HurtmansSpectroscopie de l'Atmosphère, Chimie Quantique et Photophysique, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium

Search for other papers by Daniel Hurtmans in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Samuel IllingworthUniversity of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom

Search for other papers by Samuel Illingworth in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Nicole Jacquinet-HussonLaboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique/CNRS/IPSL, Paris, France

Search for other papers by Nicole Jacquinet-Husson in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Tobias KerzenmacherBelgian Institute for Space Aeronomy, Brussels, Belgium

Search for other papers by Tobias Kerzenmacher in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Dieter KlaesEUMETSAT, Darmstadt, Germany

Search for other papers by Dieter Klaes in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Lydie LavanantCentre de Météorologie Spatiale, Météo-France, Lannion, France

Search for other papers by Lydie Lavanant in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Guido MasielloDIFA, Università degli Studi della Basilicata, Potenza, Italy

Search for other papers by Guido Masiello in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Marco MatricardiEuropean Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Reading, United Kingdom

Search for other papers by Marco Matricardi in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Anthony McNallyEuropean Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Reading, United Kingdom

Search for other papers by Anthony McNally in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Stuart NewmanMet Office, Exeter, United Kingdom

Search for other papers by Stuart Newman in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Edward PavelinMet Office, Exeter, United Kingdom

Search for other papers by Edward Pavelin in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Sebastien PayanUMPC University Paris 06, Paris, France

Search for other papers by Sebastien Payan in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Eric PéquignotCNES, Toulouse, France

Search for other papers by Eric Péquignot in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Sophie PeyridieuLaboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique/CNRS/IPSL, Paris, France

Search for other papers by Sophie Peyridieu in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Thierry PhulpinCNES, Toulouse, France

Search for other papers by Thierry Phulpin in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
John RemediosUniversity of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom

Search for other papers by John Remedios in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Peter SchlüsselEUMETSAT, Darmstadt, Germany

Search for other papers by Peter Schlüssel in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Carmine SerioDIFA, Università degli Studi della Basilicata, Potenza, Italy

Search for other papers by Carmine Serio in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Larrabee StrowUniversity of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland

Search for other papers by Larrabee Strow in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Claudia StubenrauchLaboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique/CNRS/IPSL, Paris, France

Search for other papers by Claudia Stubenrauch in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Jonathan TaylorMet Office, Exeter, United Kingdom

Search for other papers by Jonathan Taylor in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
David TobinSpace Science and Engineering Center, University of Wisconsin—Madison, Madison, Wisconsin

Search for other papers by David Tobin in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Walter WolfNOAA/NESDIS, Camp Springs, Maryland

Search for other papers by Walter Wolf in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Daniel ZhouNASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia

Search for other papers by Daniel Zhou in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Full access

The Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) forms the main infrared sounding component of the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites's (EUMETSAT's) Meteorological Operation (MetOp)-A satellite (Klaes et al. 2007), which was launched in October 2006. This article presents the results of the first 4 yr of the operational IASI mission. The performance of the instrument is shown to be exceptional in terms of calibration and stability. The quality of the data has allowed the rapid use of the observations in operational numerical weather prediction (NWP) and the development of new products for atmospheric chemistry and climate studies, some of which were unexpected before launch. The assimilation of IASI observations in NWP models provides a significant forecast impact; in most cases the impact has been shown to be at least as large as for any previous instrument. In atmospheric chemistry, global distributions of gases, such as ozone and carbon monoxide, can be produced in near–real time, and short-lived species, such as ammonia or methanol, can be mapped, allowing the identification of new sources. The data have also shown the ability to track the location and chemistry of gaseous plumes and particles associated with volcanic eruptions and fires, providing valuable data for air quality monitoring and aircraft safety. IASI also contributes to the establishment of robust long-term data records of several essential climate variables. The suite of products being developed from IASI continues to expand as the data are investigated, and further impacts are expected from increased use of the data in NWP and climate studies in the coming years. The instrument has set a high standard for future operational hyperspectral infrared sounders and has demonstrated that such instruments have a vital role in the global observing system.

The Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) forms the main infrared sounding component of the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites's (EUMETSAT's) Meteorological Operation (MetOp)-A satellite (Klaes et al. 2007), which was launched in October 2006. This article presents the results of the first 4 yr of the operational IASI mission. The performance of the instrument is shown to be exceptional in terms of calibration and stability. The quality of the data has allowed the rapid use of the observations in operational numerical weather prediction (NWP) and the development of new products for atmospheric chemistry and climate studies, some of which were unexpected before launch. The assimilation of IASI observations in NWP models provides a significant forecast impact; in most cases the impact has been shown to be at least as large as for any previous instrument. In atmospheric chemistry, global distributions of gases, such as ozone and carbon monoxide, can be produced in near–real time, and short-lived species, such as ammonia or methanol, can be mapped, allowing the identification of new sources. The data have also shown the ability to track the location and chemistry of gaseous plumes and particles associated with volcanic eruptions and fires, providing valuable data for air quality monitoring and aircraft safety. IASI also contributes to the establishment of robust long-term data records of several essential climate variables. The suite of products being developed from IASI continues to expand as the data are investigated, and further impacts are expected from increased use of the data in NWP and climate studies in the coming years. The instrument has set a high standard for future operational hyperspectral infrared sounders and has demonstrated that such instruments have a vital role in the global observing system.

Save