Toward Quantifying the Increasing Role of Oceanic Heat in Sea Ice Loss in the New Arctic

E. Carmack Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Sidney, British Columbia, Canada, and College of Natural Science and Mathematics, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska

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I. Polyakov International Arctic Research Center, and College of Natural Science and Mathematics, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska

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L. Padman Earth and Space Research, Corvallis, Oregon

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I. Fer Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen and Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Bergen, Norway

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E. Hunke Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico

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J. Hutchings Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon

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J. Jackson Hakai Institute, Heriot Bay, British Columbia, Canada

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