ESWN was supported by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the National Science Foundation under Grants HRD 0929782, 0929839, 0929509, 0930118, and 0929828. The authors wish to thank Peggy LeMone, Gannet Hallar, and Sue Weiler for their helpful reviews on this manuscript. Additionally, we thank our evaluators, Tim Archie, Marina Kogan, and Sandra Laursen of Ethnography and Evaluation Research, University of Colorado Boulder, who conducted, analyzed, and provided survey results and essential comments on this manuscript.
Archie, T., , and S. Laursen, 2013a: Evaluation report: 2013 career development workshop from the Earth Science Women’s Network “Building Leadership and Management Skills for Success.” Ethnography and Evaluation Research, University of Colorado Boulder, 19 pp. [Available online at www.colorado.edu/eer/research/documents/ESWN_2013_workshop_report_final.pdf.]
Archie, T., , and S. Laursen, 2013b: Summative report on the Earth Science Women’s Network (ESWN) NSF ADVANCE PAID Collaborative Award (2009-2013). Ethnography and Evaluation Research, University of Colorado Boulder, 149 pp. [Available online at www.colorado.edu/eer/research/documents/ESWNfinalReportALL_2013.pdf.]
Archie, T., , M. Kogan, , and S. Laursen, 2012: Evaluation report: 2012 career development workshop from the Earth Science Women’s Network “Skills for Networking and Communication.” Ethnography and Evaluation Research, University of Colorado Boulder, 20 pp. [Available online at www.colorado.edu/eer/research/documents/ESWN_2012_workshop_report_0712_final.pdf.]
Avallone, L. M., , A. G. Hallar, , H. Thiry, , and L. M. Edwards, 2013: Supporting the retention and advancement of women in the atmospheric sciences: What women are saying. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 94, 1313–1316, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00078.1.
Cain, C. L., , and E. Leahey, 2014: Cultural correlates of gender integration in science. Gender Work Organ., 21, 516–530, doi:10.1111/gwao.12052.
Canetto, S. S., , C. D. Trott, , J. J. Thomas, , and C. A. Wynstra, 2012: Making sense of the atmospheric science gender gap: Do female and male graduate students have different career motives, goals and challenges? J. Geosci. Educ., 60, 408–416, doi:10.5408/12-296.1.
Chao, G. T., , P. M. Waltz, , and P. D. Gardner, 1992: Formal and informal mentorships: A comparison on mentoring functions and contrast with nonmentored counterparts. Pers. Psychol., 45, 619–636, doi:10.1111/j.1744-6570.1992.tb00863.x.
Chesler N. C., , and M. A. Chesler, 2002: Gender-informed mentoring strategies for women engineering scholars: On establishing a caring community. J. Eng. Educ., 91, 49–55, doi:10.1002/j.2168-9830.2002.tb00672.x.
Dreher, G. F., , and R. A. Ash, 1990: A comparative study of mentoring among men and women in managerial, professional, and technical positions. J. Appl. Psychol., 75, 538–546.
Eby, L. T., , J. E. Rhodes, , and T. D. Allen, 2007: Definition and evolution of mentoring. The Blackwell Handbook of Mentoring: A Multiple Perspectives Approach, T. D. Allen and L. T. Eby, Eds., Blackwell, 7–20.
Etzkowitz, H., , C. Kemelgor, , M. Neuschatz, , B. Uzzi, , and J. Alonzo, 1994: The paradox of critical mass for women in science. Science, 266, 51–54, doi:10.1126/science.7939644.
Fagenson, E. A., 1989: The mentor advantage: Perceived career/job experiences of proteges versus non-proteges. J. Organ. Behav., 10, 309–320, doi:10.1002/job.4030100403.
Ginorio, A., 1996: A culture of meaningful community. Bridging the Gender Gap in Engineering and Science: The Challenge of Institutional Transformation, Carnegie Mellon University, 28–32.
Hall, R., , and B. Sandler, 1983: Academic mentoring for women students and faculty: A new look at the old ways to get ahead. Project on the Status and Education of Women, Association of American Colleges, 16 pp.
Hansford, B. C., , L. C. Ehrich, , and L. Tennent, 2004: Formal mentoring programs in education and other professions: A review of the literature. Educ. Adm. Quart., 40, 518–540, doi:10.1177/0013161X04267118.
Hartten, L. M., , and M. A. LeMone, 2010: The evolution and current state of the atmospheric sciences “pipeline.” Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 91, 942–956, doi:10.1175/2010BAMS2537.1.
Holmes, M. A., , and S. O’Connell, 2003: Where are the women geoscience professors?: Report on the workshop Where are the Women Geoscience Professors? National Science Foundation, 41 pp.
Holmes, M. A., , and S. O’Connell, 2008. Gender parity in the geosciences: Data and geoscientists' perceptions. Nat. Geosci., 1, 79–82, doi:10.1038/ngeo113.
Holmes, M. A., , S. O’Connell, , C. Frey, , and L. Ongley, 2008: Gender imbalance in US geoscience academia. Nat. Geosci., 1, 79–82, doi:10.1038/ngeo113.
Kogan, M., , and S. L. Laursen, 2010: Evaluating career development resources: Lessons from the Earth Science Women’s Network (ESWN). 2010 Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Amer. Geophys. Union, Abstract ED13A-0600.
Kogan, M., , and S. L. Laursen, 2011a: Collaborative research: Facilitating career advancement for women in the geosciences through the Earth Science Women’s Network (ESWN); Evaluation report: 2011 professional development workshop. Ethnography and Evaluation Research, University of Colorado Boulder, 14 pp. [Available online at www.colorado.edu/eer/research/documents/ESWN_2011workshopReportFinal.pdf.]
Kogan, M., , and S. L. Laursen, 2011b: Obstacles in advancement of young female geoscientists: Research results from the Earth Science Women’s Network (ESWN). 2011 Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Amer. Geophys. Union, Abstract ED23B-0617.
LeMone, M. A., , and P. L. Waukau, 1982: Women in meteorology. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 63, 1266–1276, doi:10.1175/1520-0477(1982)063<1266:WIM>2.0.CO;2.
Levinson, D. J., , D. Darrow, , M. Levinson, , E. B. Klein, , and B. McKee, 1978: Seasons of a Man’s Life. Academic Press, 384 pp.
MacPhee, D., , and S. S. Canetto, 2015: Women in academic atmospheric sciences. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 96, 59–67, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00215.1.
Muller, C. B., 1997: The potential of industrial “E-mentoring” as a retention strategy for women in science and engineering. Proceedings: Frontiers in Education 1997; 27th Annual Conference, EP Innovations, Ed., Vol. 2, IEEE, 622–626.
Murray, M., , and M. A. Owen, 1991: Beyond the Myth and Magic of Mentoring: How to Facilitate an Effective Mentoring Program. Jossey Bass, 240 pp.
National Research Council, 2006: To Recruit and Advance: Women Students and Faculty in Science and Engineering. National Academies Press, 148 pp.
Ragins, B. R., 1997: Diversified mentoring relationships in organizations: A power perspective. Acad. Manage. Rev., 22, 482–521, doi:10.5465/AMR.1997.9707154067.
Ragins, B. R, , and T. A. Scandura, 1994: Gender differences in expected outcomes of mentoring relationships. Acad. Manage. J., 37, 957–971, doi:10.2307/256606.
Ragins, B. R, , and J. L. Cotton, 1999: Mentoring functions and outcomes: A comparison of men and women in formal and informal mentoring relationships. J. Appl. Psychol., 84, 529–550, doi:10.1037/0021-9010.84.4.529.
Rockquemore, K. A., 2013: A new model of mentoring. Inside Higher Ed. [Available online at www.insidehighered.com/advice/2013/07/22/essay-calling-senior-faculty-embrace-new-style-mentoring.]
Scandura, T. A., 1992: Mentorship and career mobility: An empirical investigation. J. Organ. Behav., 13, 169–174, doi:10.1002/job.4030130206.
Seymour, E., , and N. M. Hewitt, 1997: Talking about Leaving: Why Undergraduates Leave the Sciences. Westview Press, 429 pp.
Sorcinelli, M. D., , and J. Yun, 2007: From mentor to mentoring networks: Mentoring in the new academy. Change, 39, 58–61, doi:10.3200/CHNG.39.6.58-C4.