Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

CURRENT ISSUE

Volume 102, Issue 2

About the Journal

The Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society (BAMS) is the flagship magazine of AMS and publishes articles of interest and significance for the weather, water, and climate community as well as news, editorials, and reviews for AMS members.

ISSN: 0003-0007; eISSN: 1520-0477

Editor in Chief

Jeff Rosenfeld

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Impact Factor

8.166

2019 Journal Impact Factors in the Meteorology and Atmospheric Science category

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The Discovery of African Dust Transport to the Western Hemisphere and the Saharan Air Layer: A History

Joseph M. Prospero, Anthony C. Delany, Audrey C. Delany, and Toby N. Carlson
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The 2019 Southern Hemisphere stratospheric polar vortex weakening and its impacts

Eun-Pa Lim, Harry H. Hendon, Amy H. Butler, David W. J. Thompson, Zachary Lawrence, Adam A. Scaife, Theodore G. Shepherd, Inna Polichtchouk, Hisashi Nakamura, Chiaki Kobayashi, Ruth Comer, Lawrence Coy, Andrew Dowdy, Rene D. Garreaud, Paul A. Newman, and Guomin Wang
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Convection permitting regional climate change simulations for understanding future climate and informing decision making in Africa

Catherine A Senior, John H Marsham, Sègoléne Berthou, Laura E Burgin, Sonja S Folwell, Elizabeth J Kendon, Cornelia M Klein, Richard G Jones, Neha Mittal, David P Rowell, Lorenzo Tomassini, Thèo Vischel, Bernd Becker, Cathryn E Birch, Julia Crook, Andrew J Dougill, Declan L Finney, Richard J Graham, Neil C G Hart, Christopher D Jack, Lawrence S Jackson, Rachel James, Bettina Koelle, Herbert Misiani, Brenda Mwalukanga, Douglas J Parker, Rachel A Stratton, Christopher M Taylor, Simon O Tucker, Caroline M Wainwright, Richard Washington, and Martin R Willet
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Snowfall in the Northern Great Lakes: Lessons Learned from a Multi-Sensor Observatory

Mark S. Kulie, Claire Pettersen, Aronne J. Merrelli, Timothy J. Wagner, Norman B. Wood, Michael Dutter, David Beachler, Todd Kluber, Robin Turner, Marian Mateling, John Lenters, Peter Blanken, Maximilian Maahn, Christopher Spence, Stefan Kneifel, Paul A. Kucera, Ali Tokay, Larry F. Bliven, David B. Wolff, and Walter A. Petersen
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A High-Resolution Flood Inundation Archive (2016–the Present) from Sentinel-1 SAR Imagery over CONUS

Qing Yang, Xinyi Shen, Emmanouil N. Anagnostou, Chongxun Mo, Jack R. Eggleston, and Albert J. Kettner
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METEOSAT THIRD GENERATION (MTG): Continuation and Innovation of Observations from Geostationary Orbit

K. Holmlund, J. Grandell, J. Schmetz, R. Stuhlmann, B. Bojkov, R. Munro, M. Lekouara, D. Coppens, B. Viticchie, T. August, B. Theodore, P. Watts, M. Dobber, G. Fowler, S. Bojinski, A. Schmid, K. Salonen, S. Tjemkes, D. Aminou, and P. Blythe
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Resilience to Extreme Rainfall Starts with Science

Daniel B. Wright, Constantine Samaras, and Tania Lopez-Cantu
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Hurricane Risk Perceptions and Evacuation Decision Making in the Age of COVID-19

Jennifer Collins, Amy Polen, Killian McSweeney, Delián Colón-Burgos, and Isabelle Jernigan
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DESERT ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE OBSERVATION NETWORK OVER THE TAKLIMAKAN DESERT

Fan Yang, Qing He, Jianping Huang, Mamtimin Ali, Xinghua Yang, Wen Huo, Chenglong Zhou, Xinchun Liu, Wenshou Wei, Caixia Cui, Minzhong Wang, Hongjun Li, Lianmei Yang, Hongsheng Zhang, Yuzhi Liu, Xinqian Zheng, Honglin Pan, Lili Jin, Han Zou, Libo Zhou, Yongqiang Liu, Jiantao Zhang, Lu Meng, Yu Wang, Xiaolin Qin, Yongjun Yao, Houyong Liu, Fumin Xue, and Wei Zheng
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What is a Tornado Outbreak? Perspectives through Time.

Paulina Ćwik, Renee A. McPherson, and Harold E. Brooks
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CNRD v1.0: a high-quality natural runoff dataset for hydrological and climate studies in China

Jiaojiao Gou, Chiyuan Miao, Luis Samaniego, Mu Xiao, Jingwen Wu, and Xiaoying Guo
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TP-River: Monitoring and quantifying total river runoff from the Third Pole

Lei Wang, Tandong Yao, Chenhao Chai, Lan Cuo, Fengge Su, Fan Zhang, Zhijun Yao, Yinsheng Zhang, Xiuping Li, Jia Qi, Zhidan Hu, Jingshi Liu, and Yuanwei Wang
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Hazardous Weather Communication En Español: Challenges, Current Resources, and Future Practices

Joseph E. Trujillo-Falcón, Orlando Bermúdez, Krizia Negrón-Hernández, John Lipski, Elizabeth Leitman, and Kodi Berry
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The Inner-Shelf Dynamics Experiment

Nirnimesh Kumar, James A. Lerczak, Tongtong Xu, Amy F. Waterhouse, Jim Thomson, Eric J. Terrill, Christy Swann, Sutara H. Suanda, Matthew S. Spydell, Pieter B. Smit, Alexandra Simpson, Roland Romeiser, Stephen D. Pierce, Tony de Paolo, André Palóczy, Annika O’Dea, Lisa Nyman, James N. Moum, Melissa Moulton, Andrew M. Moore, Arthur J. Miller, Ryan S. Mieras, Sophia T. Merrifield, Kendall Melville, Jacqueline M. McSweeney, Jamie MacMahan, Jennifer A. MacKinnon, Björn Lund, Emanuele Di Lorenzo, Luc Lenain, Michael Kovatch, Tim T. Janssen, Sean Haney, Merrick C. Haller, Kevin Haas, Derek J. Grimes, Hans C. Graber, Matt K. Gough, David A. Fertitta, Falk Feddersen, Christopher A. Edwards, William Crawford, John Colosi, C. Chris Chickadel, Sean Celona, Joseph Calantoni, Edward F. Braithwaite III, Johannes Becherer, John A. Barth, and Seongho Ahn
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Compound climate events and extremes in the mid-latitudes: dynamics, simulation and statistical characterisation

Gabriele Messori, Emanuele Bevacqua, Rodrigo Caballero, Dim Coumou, Paolo De Luca, Davide Faranda, Kai Kornhuber, Olivia Martius, Flavio Pons, Colin Raymond, Kunhui Ye, Pascal Yiou, and Jakob Zscheischler
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Machine Learning for Earth System Observation and Prediction

Massimo Bonavita, Rossella Arcucci, Alberto Carrassi, Peter Dueben, Alan J. Geer, Bertrand Le Saux, Nicolas Longépé, Pierre-Philippe Mathieu, and Laure Raynaud
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A Real-Time, Virtual Spring Forecasting Experiment to Advance Severe Weather Prediction

Adam J. Clark, Israel L. Jirak, Burkely T. Gallo, Brett Roberts, Andrew R. Dean, Kent H. Knopfmeier, Louis J. Wicker, Makenzie Krocak, Patrick S. Skinner, Pamela L. Heinselman, Katie A. Wilson, Jake Vancil, Kimberly A. Hoogewind, Nathan A. Dahl, Gerald J. Creager, Thomas A. Jones, Jidong Gao, Yunheng Wang, Eric D. Loken, Montgomery Flora, Christopher A. Kerr, Nusrat Yussouf, Scott R. Dembek, William Miller, Joshua Martin, Jorge Guerra, Brian Matilla, David Jahn, David Harrison, David Imy, and Michael C. Coniglio
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SOUTHTRAC-GW: An airborne field campaign to explore gravity wave dynamics at the world’s strongest hotspot

Markus Rapp, Bernd Kaifler, Andreas Dörnbrack, Sonja Gisinger, Tyler Mixa, Robert Reichert, Natalie Kaifler, Stefanie Knobloch, Ramona Eckert, Norman Wildmann, Andreas Giez, Lukas Krasauskas, Peter Preusse, Markus Geldenhuys, Martin Riese, Wolfgang Woiwode, Felix Friedl-Vallon, Björn-Martin Sinnhuber, Alejandro de la Torre, Peter Alexander, Jose Luis Hormaechea, Diego Janches, Markus Garhammer, Jorge L. Chau, J. Federico Conte, Peter Hoor, and Andreas Engel
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The Chilean Tornado Outbreak of May 2019: Synoptic, mesoscale, and historical contexts

José Vicencio, Roberto Rondanelli, Diego Campos, Raúl Valenzuela, René Garreaud, Alejandra Reyes, Rodrigo Padilla, Ricardo Abarca, Camilo Barahona, Rodrigo Delgado, and Gabriela Nicora
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Stereoscopic monitoring: a promising strategy to advance diagnostic and prediction of air pollution

Cheng Liu, Meng Gao, Qihou Hu, Guy P. Brasseur, and Gregory R. Carmichael
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Assessing the quality of regional climate information

Marina Baldissera Pacchetti, Suraje Dessai, Seamus Bradley, and David A. Stainforth
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The Bolzano Tracer Experiment (BTEX)

Dino Zardi, Marco Falocchi, Lorenzo Giovannini, Werner Tirler, Elena Tomasi, Gianluca Antonacci, Enrico Ferrero, Stefano Alessandrini, Pedro A. Jimenez, Branko Kosovic, and Luca Delle Monache
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Observations of clouds, aerosols, precipitation, and surface radiation over the Southern Ocean: An overview of CAPRICORN, MARCUS, MICRE and SOCRATES

Greg M. McFarquhar, Chris Bretherton, Roger Marchand, Alain Protat, Paul J. DeMott, Simon P. Alexander, Greg C. Roberts, Cynthia H. Twohy, Darin Toohey, Steve Siems, Yi Huang, Robert Wood, Robert M. Rauber, Sonia Lasher-Trapp, Jorgen Jensen, Jeff Stith, Jay Mace, Junshik Um, Emma Järvinen, Martin Schnaiter, Andrew Gettelman, Kevin J. Sanchez, Christina S. McCluskey, Lynn M. Russell, Isabel L. McCoy, Rachel Atlas, Charles G. Bardeen, Kathryn A. Moore, Thomas C. J. Hill, Ruhi S. Humphries, Melita D. Keywood, Zoran Ristovski, Luke Cravigan, Robyn Schofield, Chris Fairall, Marc D. Mallet, Sonia M. Kreidenweis, Bryan Rainwater, John D’Alessandro, Yang Wang, Wei Wu, Georges Saliba, Ezra J. T. Levin, Saisai Ding, Francisco Lang, Son C.H. Truong, Cory Wolff, Julie Haggerty, Mike J. Harvey, Andrew Klekociuk, and Adrian McDonald
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Outlook for Exploiting Artificial Intelligence in the Earth and Environmental Sciences

Sid-Ahmed Boukabara, Vladimir Krasnopolsky, Stephen G. Penny, Jebb Q. Stewart, Amy McGovern, David Hall, John E. Ten Hoeve, Jason Hickey, Hung-Lung Allen Huang, John K. Williams, Kayo Ide, Philippe Tissot, Sue Ellen Haupt, Kenneth S. Casey, Nikunj Oza, Alan J. Geer, Eric S. Maddy, and Ross N. Hoffman
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Statistical Postprocessing for Weather Forecasts – Review, Challenges and Avenues in a Big Data World

Stéphane Vannitsem, John Bjørnar Bremnes, Jonathan Demaeyer, Gavin R. Evans, Jonathan Flowerdew, Stephan Hemri, Sebastian Lerch, Nigel Roberts, Susanne Theis, Aitor Atencia, Zied Ben Bouallègue, Jonas Bhend, Markus Dabernig, Lesley De Cruz, Leila Hieta, Olivier Mestre, Lionel Moret, Iris Odak Plenković, Maurice Schmeits, Maxime Taillardat, Joris Van den Bergh, Bert Van Schaeybroeck, Kirien Whan, and Jussi Ylhaisi
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Involvement in and Perception of Atmospheric Science Education Research

Dawn Kopacz, Lindsay C. Maudlin, Wendilyn J. Flynn, Zachary J. Handlos, Adam Hirsch, and Swarndeep Gill
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Interactions between Air Pollution and Terrestrial Ecosystems: Perspectives on Challenges and Future Directions

Cenlin He, Olivia Clifton, Emmi Felker-Quinn, S. Ryan Fulgham, Julieta Juncosa Calahorrano, Danica Lombardozzi, Gemma Purser, Mj Riches, Rebecca Schwantes, Wenfu Tang, Benjamin Poulter, and Allison L. Steiner
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Recommendations for future research priorities for climate modelling and climate services

C. D. Hewitt, F. Guglielmo, S. Joussaume, J. Bessembinder, I. Christel, F. J. Doblas-Reyes, V. Djurdjevic, N. Garrett, E. Kjellström, A. Krzic, M. Máñez Costa, and A. L. St. Clair
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A pilot forecasting system for epidemic thunderstorm asthma in south-eastern Australia

Tony Bannister, Elizabeth E. Ebert, Jeremy Silver, Ed Newbigin, Edwin R. Lampugnani, Nicole Hughes, Clare Looker, Vanora Mulvenna, Penelope J. Jones, Janet M. Davies, Cenk Suphioglu, Paul J. Beggs, Kathryn M. Emmerson, Alfredo Huete, Ha Nguyen, Ted Williams, Philip Douglas, Alan Wain, Maree Carroll, and Danny Csutoros
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The Model Evaluation Tools (MET): More than a decade of community-supported forecast verification

Barbara Brown, Tara Jensen, John Halley Gotway, Randy Bullock, Eric Gilleland, Tressa Fowler, Kathryn Newman, Dan Adriaansen, Lindsay Blank, Tatiana Burek, Michelle Harrold, Tracy Hertneky, Christina Kalb, Paul Kucera, Louisa Nance, John Opatz, Jonathan Vigh, and Jamie Wolff
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The Shortwave Spectral Radiometer for Atmospheric Science: Capabilities and Applications from the ARM User Facility

Laura D. Riihimaki, Connor Flynn, Allison McComiskey, Dan Lubin, Yann Blanchard, J. Christine Chiu, Graham Feingold, Daniel R. Feldman, Jake J. Gristey, Christian Herrera, Gary Hodges, Evgueni Kassianov, Samuel E. LeBlanc, Alexander Marshak, Joseph J. Michalsky, Peter Pilewskie, Sebastian Schmidt, Ryan C. Scott, Yolanda Shea, Kurtis Thome, Richard Wagener, and Bruce Wielicki
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Architecting the Future of Weather Satellites

Mark W. Maier, VA Frank W. Gallagher III, Karen St. Germain, Richard Anthes, Cinzia Zuffada, Robert Menzies, Jeffrey Piepmeier, David Di Pietro, Monica M. Coakley, and Elena Adams
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Data Gaps within Atmospheric Rivers over the Northeastern Pacific

Minghua Zheng, Luca Delle Monache, Xingren Wu, F. Martin Ralph, Bruce Cornuelle, Vijay Tallapragada, Jennifer S. Haase, Anna M. Wilson, Matthew Mazloff, Aneesh Subramanian, and Forest Cannon
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Multiscale Forecasting of High-Impact Weather: Current Status and Future Challenges

Sharanya J. Majumdar, Juanzhen Sun, Brian Golding, Paul Joe, Jimy Dudhia, Olivier Caumont, Krushna Chandra Gouda, Peter Steinle, Béatrice Vincendon, Jianjie Wang, and Nusrat Yussouf
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An Operational Multi-Radar Multi-Sensor QPE System in Taiwan

Pao-Liang Chang, Jian Zhang, Yu-Shuang Tang, Lin Tang, Pin-Fang Lin, Carrie Langston, Brian Kaney, Chia-Rong Chen, and Kenneth Howard
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The Record-Breaking 1933 Atlantic Hurricane Season

Philip J. Klotzbach, Carl J. Schreck III, Gilbert P. Compo, Steven G. Bowen, Ethan J. Gibney, Eric C. J. Oliver, and Michael M. Bell
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Broadening Impact of Field Campaigns: Integrating Meteorological and Chemical Observations

Gretchen L. Mullendore, Mary C. Barth, Petra M. Klein, and James H. Crawford
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CONNECTING LAND-ATMOSPHERE INTERACTIONS TO SURFACE HETEROGENEITY IN CHEESEHEAD19

BRIAN J. BUTTERWORTH, ANKUR R. DESAI, STEFAN METZGER, PHILIP A. TOWNSEND, MARK D. SCHWARTZ, GRANT W. PETTY, MATTHIAS MAUDER, HANNES VOGELMANN, CHRISTIAN G. ANDRESEN, TRAVIS J. AUGUSTINE, TIMOTHY H. BERTRAM, WILLIAM O.J. BROWN, MICHAEL BUBAN, PATRICIA CLEARY, DAVID J. DURDEN, CHRISTOPHER R. FLORIAN, TREVOR J. IGLINSKI, ERIC L. KRUGER, KATHLEEN LANTZ, TEMPLE R. LEE, TILDEN P. MEYERS, JAMES K. MINEAU, ERIK R. OLSON, STEVEN P. ONCLEY, SREENATH PALERI, ROSALYN A. PERTZBORN, CLAIRE PETTERSEN, DAVID M. PLUMMER, LAURA RIIHIMAKI, ELICEO RUIZ GUZMAN, JOSEPH SEDLAR, ELIZABETH N. SMITH, JOHANNES SPEIDEL, PAUL C. STOY, MATTHIAS SÜHRING, JONATHAN E. THOM, DAVID D. TURNER, MICHAEL P. VERMEUEL, TIMOTHY J. WAGNER, ZHIEN WANG, LUISE WANNER, LOREN D. WHITE, JAMES M. WILCZAK, DANIEL B. WRIGHT, and TING ZHENG
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C-FOG: Life of Coastal Fog

H.J.S. Fernando, I. Gultepe, C. Dorman, E. Pardyjak, Q. Wang, S.W Hoch, D. Richter, E. Creegan, S. Gaberšek, T. Bullock, C. Hocut, R. Chang, D. Alappattu, R. Dimitrova, D. Flagg, A. Grachev, R. Krishnamurthy, D.K. Singh, I. Lozovatsky, B. Nagare, A. Sharma, S. Wagh, C. Wainwright, M. Wroblewski, R. Yamaguchi, S. Bardoel, R.S. Coppersmith, N. Chisholm, E. Gonzalez, N. Gunawardena, O. Hyde, T. Morrison, A. Olson, A. Perelet, W. Perrie, S. Wang, and B. Wauer
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The making of a metric: Co-producing decision-relevant climate science

Kripa Jagannathan, Andrew D. Jones, and Isha Ray
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The NCEP/NCAR 40-Year Reanalysis Project

E. Kalnay, M. Kanamitsu, R. Kistler, W. Collins, D. Deaven, L. Gandin, M. Iredell, S. Saha, G. White, J. Woollen, Y. Zhu, M. Chelliah, W. Ebisuzaki, W. Higgins, J. Janowiak, K. C. Mo, C. Ropelewski, J. Wang, A. Leetmaa, R. Reynolds, Roy Jenne, and Dennis Joseph
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A Practical Guide to Wavelet Analysis

Christopher Torrence and Gilbert P. Compo
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A Pacific Interdecadal Climate Oscillation with Impacts on Salmon Production*

Nathan J. Mantua, Steven R. Hare, Yuan Zhang, John M. Wallace, and Robert C. Francis
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NCEP–DOE AMIP-II Reanalysis (R-2)

Masao Kanamitsu, Wesley Ebisuzaki, Jack Woollen, Shi-Keng Yang, J. J. Hnilo, M. Fiorino, and G. L. Potter
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The NCEP Climate Forecast System Reanalysis

Suranjana Saha, Shrinivas Moorthi, Hua-Lu Pan, Xingren Wu, Jiande Wang, Sudhir Nadiga, Patrick Tripp, Robert Kistler, John Woollen, David Behringer, Haixia Liu, Diane Stokes, Robert Grumbine, George Gayno, Jun Wang, Yu-Tai Hou, Hui-ya Chuang, Hann-Ming H. Juang, Joe Sela, Mark Iredell, Russ Treadon, Daryl Kleist, Paul Van Delst, Dennis Keyser, John Derber, Michael Ek, Jesse Meng, Helin Wei, Rongqian Yang, Stephen Lord, Huug van den Dool, Arun Kumar, Wanqiu Wang, Craig Long, Muthuvel Chelliah, Yan Xue, Boyin Huang, Jae-Kyung Schemm, Wesley Ebisuzaki, Roger Lin, Pingping Xie, Mingyue Chen, Shuntai Zhou, Wayne Higgins, Cheng-Zhi Zou, Quanhua Liu, Yong Chen, Yong Han, Lidia Cucurull, Richard W. Reynolds, Glenn Rutledge, and Mitch Goldberg

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