Pao-Shin Chu would like to thank Francis Zwiers and Dan Wilks for their careful reading the paper and making suggestions for improvement. Thanks are also due to Prof. S. Hastenrath and an anonymous reviewer for their insightful comments. This study has been partially funded by the Federal Emergency and Management Agency via Hawaii State Civil Defense. Jianxin Wang was supported by the NWS Pacific fellowship to the Department of Meteorology at the University of Hawaii through NOAA Cooperative Agreement NA 67RJ0154.
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