Some support for this work came from NOAA through the Cooperative Institute on Tropical Meteorology and from the Risk Prediction Initiative of the Bermuda Biological Station for Research. Additional support was provided by the National Science Foundation Grant ATM-9618913. Data obtained for tropical cyclone analyses are from the “best” track dataset provided by the Tropical Prediction Center. We thank Dr. H. Diaz for kindly providing us the Atlantic SST data and both A. Birol Kara and Dr. John A. Knaff for their help in the preparation of the manuscript.
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