This work was funded by European Contract ENV4-CT95-0075 and by European Grant ENV4-CT95-5006. Thanks are due to Buwen Dong for running the UGAMP simulations, to Anna Ghelli for her postprocessing of the ERA data, and to the LSCE team for running the LSCELMD simulations. We also wish to thank P. Xie and P. A. Arkin for making their precipitation data available on the UCAR site, and the two anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.
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