Support for this research is provided by NOAA’s Office of Global Program through the Climate and Global Change Program. Real-time TOPEX/Poseidon satellite altimetry data are provided by NOAA/Laboratory of Satellite Altimetry (R. Cheney). The CTD salinity data are kindly provided by Dr. Michael McPhaden of NOAA/PMEL. Dynamic heights from TAO moorings are kindly provided by Dr. W. Kessler of NOAA/PMEL. We thank M. McPhaden, W. Kessler (NOAA/PMEL), J. Picaut, C. Henin (ORSTOM), L. Miller (NOAA), F. Vossepoel (Delft University, Netherlands), A. Leetmaa (NOAA/NCEP), and three anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions.
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