This study was supported by the TRMM Program and Radiation Research Program, NASA/Office of Earth Science. Daily SSM/I air–sea turbulent fluxes were processed by C.-L. Shie and J. Ardizzone. The SSM/I data of total precipitable water, wind speeds, and antenna temperatures were provided by F. Wentz. The NCEP SSTs were provided by R. W. Reynolds. The sea–air temperature differences were provided by the ECMWF. The 7.5-min mean fluxes of IMET buoy and lag-averaged fluxes of RVs Moana Wave and Wecoma were computed by R. A. Weller and S. P. Anderson. The GMS albedo and brightness temperature were compiled by P. Flament and R. Bernstein. Helpful comments from two anonymous reviewers are greatly appreciated.
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