Thanks to three anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments. Helen Brindley is funded by the U.K. Meteorological Office under Agreement No. Met 1b/2861.
Barnett, T. P., and M. E. Schlesinger, 1987: Detecting changes in global climate induced by greenhouse gases. J. Geophys. Res., 92 , 14772–14780.
Brindley, H., and J. Harries, 2003: The impact of instrument field of view on spectrally resolved brightness temperatures: Application to IRIS and IMG. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 78 , 341–352.
Charlock, T. P., 1984: CO2 induced climatic change and spectral variations in the outgoing terrestrial infrared radiation. Tellus, 36B , 139–148.
Engelen, R., L. Fowler, P. Glecker, and M. Wehner, 2000: Sampling strategies for the comparison of climate model calculated and satellite observed brightness temperatures. J. Geophys. Res., 105 , 9393–9406.
Goody, R., R. Haskins, W. Abdou, and L. Chen, 1996: Detection of climate forcing using emission spectra. Earth Obs. Remote Sens., 5 , 22–33.
Harries, J., H. Brindley, and A. Geer, 1998: Climate variability and trends from operational satellite spectral data. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25 , 3975–3978.
Harries, J., H. Brindley, P. Sagoo, and R. Bantges, 2001: Increases in greenhouse forcing inferred from the outgoing longwave spectra of the Earth in 1970 and 1997. Nature, 410 , 355–357.
Houghton, J. T., Y. Ding, D. J. Griggs, M. Noguer, P. J. van der Linden, and D. Xiaosu, Eds.,. 2001: Climate Change 2001 The Scientific Basis. Cambridge University Press, 944 pp.
Iacono, M., and S. Clough, 1996: Application of infrared interferometer spectrometer clear sky spectral radiance to investigations of climate variability. J. Geophys. Res., 101 , 29439–29460.
Joly, A., and Coauthors. 1997: The Fronts and Atlantic Storm-Track Experiment (FASTEX): Scientific objectives and experimental design. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 78 , 1917–1940.
Kobayashi, H., 1999: Interferometric monitor for greenhouse gases. IMG Project Tech. Rep., IMG Mission Operation and Verification Committee, Central Research Institue of Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI), Komae Research Laboratory, Komae-shi, Tokyo, 45 pp.
Rossow, W., and Coauthors. 1996: International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP): Documentation of new cloud datasets. World Meteorological Organization WMO/TD-No. 737, 115 pp.
Salby, M., and P. Callaghan, 1997: Sampling error in climate properties derived from satellite measurements: Consequences of undersampled diurnal variability. J. Climate, 10 , 18–36.
Santer, B., K. Taylor, T. Wigley, J. Penner, P. Jones, and U. Cubasch, 1995: Towards the detection and attribution of an anthropogenic effect on climate. Climate Dyn., 12 , 77–100.
Tett, S., P. Stott, M. Allen, W. Ingram, and J. Mitchell, 1999: Causes of twentieth century temperature change near the Earth's surface. Nature, 399 , 569–575.
Webster, P., and R. Lukas, 1992: TOGA COARE—The Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Response Experiment. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 73 , 1377–1416.
Wu, X., J. Bates, and S. Singh Kasala, 1993: A climatology of the water vapor band brightness temperatures from NOAA operational satellites. J. Climate, 6 , 1282–1300.