The International Pacific Research Center is partially sponsored by the Frontier Research System for Global Change. The NOAA CLIVAR/Pacific program supported the third author during this work. The University of Delaware precipitation and air temperature data are provided by the NOAA–CIRES Climate Diagnostics Center, Boulder, Colorado (and are available online at http://www.cdc.noaa.gov/;). We also thank C. Willmott and K. Matsuura, Department of Geography, University of Delaware, for the monthly terrestrial air temperature and precipitation data.
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