This study was supported by the TRMM Program, Global Modeling and Analysis Program, Radiation Sciences Program, and NASA Office of Earth Science. The SSM/I total precipitable water, wind speed, and antenna temperature were provided by F. Wentz (through the Web site available online at http://www.ssmi.com). The SST and surface air temperature were taken from the NCEP–NCAR reanalysis data archive. Hourly turbulent fluxes measured by research ships were provided by C. Fairall of the NOAA/ETL through the SEAFLUX Web site (online at http://paos.colorado.edu/∼curryja/ocean/index.html). The GMS-5 radiance data used for retrieving surface radiation were provided by the Central Weather Bureau, Taipei, Taiwan. The GSSTF2 turbulent fluxes were obtained online at http://daac.gsfc.nasa.gov/CAMPAIGN_DOCS/hydrology/hd_gsstf2.0.html, and GSSRB radiative fluxes were obtained online at http://daac.gsfc.nasa.gov/ CAMPAIGN_DOCS/hydrology/hd_gssrb.html. Valuable suggestions by two anonymous reviewers are highly appreciated.
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