The author would like to thank the Mackenzie GEWEX Study (MAGS) community for its support during the course of this work. The manuscript benefits substantially from comments by the anonymous reviewers. The CRCM simulations were conducted by Dr. Murray MacKay. Ms. H. Tran and Billy Szeto are acknowledged for their assistance in data processing and calculations. This work was financially supported by Environment Canada, the Panel on Energy Research and Development (PERD) and MAGS.
Cao, Z., , R. E. Stewart, , and W. Hogg, 2001: Extreme winter warming events over the Mackenzie basin: Dynamic and thermodynamic contributions. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 79 , 785–804.
Finnis, J., 2005: Representation of the atmospheric hydrologic cycle over the Arctic in CCSM3. Preprints, Eighth Conf. on Polar Meteorology and Oceanography, San Diego, CA, Amer. Meteor. Soc., CD-ROM, J1.4.
Grotjahn, R., 2007: Different data, different general circulations? A comparison of selected fields in NCEP/DOE AMIP-II and ECMWF ERA-40 reanalyses. Dyn. Atmos. Oceans, in press.
Held, I., , and M. Ting, 1990: Orographic versus thermal forcing of stationary waves: The importance of the mean low-level wind. J. Atmos. Sci., 47 , 495–500.
Ioannidou, L., , and M. K. Yau, 2007: Climatological analysis of northern hemisphere winter anticyclones. J. Geophys. Res., in press.
Kanamitsu, M., , W. Ebisuzaki, , J. Woollen, , S-K. Yang, , J. J. Hnilo, , M. Fiorino, , and G. L. Potter, 2002: NCEP–DOE AMIP-II reanalysis (R-2). Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 83 , 1631–1643.
Kistler, R., and Coauthors, 2001: The NCEP–NCAR 50-Year Reanalysis: Monthly means CD-ROM and documentation. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 82 , 247–267.
Lackmann, G. M., , J. R. Gyakum, , and R. Benoit, 1998: Moisture transport diagnosis of a wintertime precipitation event in the Mackenzie River basin. Mon. Wea. Rev., 126 , 668–691.
Lin, Y-L., 2005: Dynamics of orographic precipitation. McGraw-Hill 2005 Yearbook of Science and Technology, McGraw-Hill, 248–250.
MacKay, M. D., , F. Seglenieks, , D. Verseghy, , E. D. Soulis, , K. R. Snelgrove, , A. Walker, , and K. Szeto, 2003: Modeling Mackenzie basin surface water balance during CAGES with the Canadian Regional Climate Model. J. Hydrometeor., 4 , 748–767.
Mantua, N. J., , S. R. Hare, , Y. Zhang, , J. M. Wallace, , and R. C. Francis, 1997: A Pacific interdecadal climate oscillation with impacts on salmon production. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 78 , 1069–1079.
Mati, I., 2006: A comparison study of two regional atmospheric models over the Mackenzie Basin. M.S. thesis, Dept. of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, McGill University, 73 pp.
Mo, R., , J. Fyfe, , and J. Derome, 1998: Phase-locked and asymmetric correlations of the wintertime atmospheric patterns with the ENSO. Atmos.–Ocean, 36 , 213–239.
Overland, J. E., , J. M. Adams, , and N. A. Bond, 1999: Decadal variability of the Aleutian low and its relation to high-latitude circulation. J. Climate, 12 , 1542–1548.
Palmén, E., , and C. W. Newton, 1969: Atmospheric Circulation Systems: Their Structure and Physical Interpretation. Academic Press, 603 pp.
Renwick, J. A., , and J. M. Wallace, 1996: Relationships between North Pacific wintertime blocking, El Niño, and the PNA pattern. Mon. Wea. Rev., 124 , 2071–2076.
Roads, J., , M. Kanamitsu, , and R. Stewart, 2002: CSE water and energy budgets in the NCEP–DOE reanalysis II. J. Hydrometeor., 3 , 227–248.
Smirnov, V., , and G. W. K. Moore, 2001: Short-term and seasonal variability of the atmospheric water vapor transport through the Mackenzie River basin. J. Hydrometeor., 2 , 441–452.
Stewart, R. E., , and J. E. Burford, 2002: On the features of clouds occurring over the Mackenzie River basin. J. Geophys. Res., 107 .4720, doi:10.1029/2001JD001559.
Szeto, K. K., , R. E. Stewart, , M. K. Yau, , and J. Gyakum, 2007: Northern tales: A synthesis of MAGS atmospheric and hydrometeorological research. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 88 , 1411–1425.
Szeto, K. K., , H. Tran, , M. MacKay, , R. Crawford, , and R. E. Stewart, 2008: The MAGS water and energy budget study. J. Hydrometeor., in press.
Tanaka, H. L., , and M. F. Milkovich, 1990: A heat budget analysis of the polar troposphere in and around Alaska during the abnormal winter of 1988/89. Mon. Wea. Rev., 118 , 1628–1639.
Trenberth, K. E., , G. W. Branstator, , D. Karoly, , A. Kumar, , N-C. Lau, , and C. Ropelewski, 1998: Progress during TOGA in understanding and modeling global teleconnections associated with tropical sea surface temperatures. J. Geophys. Res., 103 , 14291–14324.
Wallace, J. M., , and D. S. Gutzler, 1981: Teleconnections in the geopotential height field during the Northern Hemisphere winter. Mon. Wea. Rev., 109 , 784–812.
Woo, M. K., , R. Thorne, , and K. K. Szeto, 2006: Reinterpretation of streamflow trends based on shifts in large-scale atmospheric circulation. Hydrol. Processes, 20 , 3995–4003.
Zhang, X., , L. A. Vincent, , W. D. Hogg, , and A. Niitsoo, 2000: Temperature and precipitation trends in Canada during the 20th Century. Atmos.–Ocean, 38 , 395–429.