This work was financed by the French programs ACI C3, ACI MC2, and ANR IDEGLACE, and the European integrated project ENSEMBLES. The simulations were carried out on the Mirage computer platform in Grenoble. Additional computer resources at IDRIS are acknowledged. In Wilkes and Victoria Land sectors, most of observed SMB data were obtained from recent research carried out in the framework of the Project on Glaciology of the PNRA-MIUR and financially supported by PNRA consortium through collaboration with ENEA Roma, and supported by the French Polar Institute (IPEV). This last work is a French–Italian contribution to the ITASE Project.
Armstrong, R., , M. J. Brodzik, , and A. Varani, 1997: The NSIDC EASE-Grid: Addressing the need for a common, flexible, mapping and gridding scheme. Earth Syst. Monit., 7 , 6–14.
Arthern, R. J., , D. P. Winebrenner, , and D. G. Vaughan, 2006: Antarctic snow accumulation mapped using polarization of 4.3-cm wavelength microwave emission. J. Geophys. Res., 111 .D06107, doi:10.1029/2004JD005667.
Cai, W., , P. H. Whetton, , and D. J. Karoly, 2003: The response of the Antarctic Oscillation to increasing and stabilized atmospheric CO2. J. Climate, 16 , 1525–1538.
Charbit, S., , C. Ritz, , and G. Ramstein, 2002: Simulations of Northern Hemisphere ice-sheet retreat: Sensitivity to physical mechanisms involved during the last deglaciation. Quat. Sci. Rev., 21 , 243–265.
Cuffey, K. M., , G. D. Clow, , R. B. Alley, , M. Stuiver, , E. D. Waddington, , and R. W. Saltus, 1995: Large Arctic temperature change at the Wisconsin-Holocene glacial transition. Science, 270 , 455–458.
de F. Forster, P. M., , and K. E. Taylor, 2006: Climate forcings and climate sensitivities diagnosed from coupled climate model integrations. J. Climate, 19 , 6181–6194.
de Noblet-Ducoudré, N., , M. Claussen, , and C. Prentice, 2000: Mid-Holocene greening of the Sahara: First results of the GAIM 6000 year BP experiment with two asynchronously coupled atmosphere/biome models. Climate Dyn., 16 , 643–659.
Fogt, R. L., , and D. H. Bromwich, 2006: Decadal variability of the ENSO teleconnection to the high-latitude South Pacific governed by coupling with the southern annular mode. J. Climate, 19 , 979–997.
Frezzotti, M., and Coauthors, 2004: New estimations of precipitation and surface sublimation in East Antarctica from snow accumulation measurements. Climate Dyn., 23 , 803–813.
Frezzotti, M., and Coauthors, 2005: Spatial and temporal variability of snow accumulation in East Antarctica from traverse data. J. Glaciol., 51 , 113–124.
Fyfe, J. C., , G. J. Boer, , and G. M. Flato, 1999: The Arctic and Antarctic Oscillations and their projected changes under global warming. Geophys. Res. Lett., 26 , 1601–1604.
Gallée, H., , G. Guyomarc’h, , and E. Brun, 2001: Impact of snow drift on the Antarctic ice sheet surface mass balance: Possible sensitivity to snow-surface properties. Bound.-Layer Meteor., 99 , 1–19.
Genthon, C., , and E. Cosme, 2003: Intermittent signature of ENSO in west-Antarctic precipitation. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30 .2081, doi:10.1029/2003GL018280.
Genthon, C., , G. Krinner, , and M. Sacchettini, 2003: Interannual Antarctic tropospheric circulation and precipitation variability. Climate Dyn., 21 , 289–307.
Genthon, C., , S. Kaspari, , and P. A. Mayewski, 2005: Interannual variability of the surface mass balance of West Antarctica from ITASE cores and ERA40 reanalyses, 1958–2000. Climate Dyn., 24 , 759–770.
Gibson, R., , P. Kållberg, , and S. Uppala, 1996: The ECMWF re-analysis (ERA) project. ECMWF Newsletter, No. 73, ECMWF, Reading, United Kingdom, 7–17.
Giovinetto, M. B., , D. H. Bromwich, , and G. Wendler, 1992: Atmospheric net transport of water vapor and latent heat across 70°S. J. Geophys. Res., 97 , 917–930.
Hall, A., , and M. Visbeck, 2002: Synchronous variability in the Southern Hemisphere atmosphere, sea ice, and ocean resulting from the annular mode. J. Climate, 15 , 3043–3057.
Hourdin, F., and Coauthors, 2006: The LMDZ4 general circulation model: Climate performance and sensitivity to parametrized physics with emphasis on tropical convection. Climate Dyn., 27 , 787–813.
Huybrechts, P., , J. Gregory, , I. Janssens, , and M. Wild, 2004: Modelling Antarctic and Greenland volume changes during the 20th and 21st centuries forced by GCM time slice integrations. Global Planet. Change, 42 , 83–105.
Krinner, G., , and M. Werner, 2003: Impact of precipitation seasonality changes on isotopic signals in polar ice cores: A multi-model analysis. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 216 , 525–538.
Krinner, G., , C. Genthon, , Z-X. Li, , and P. Le Van, 1997: Studies of the Antarctic climate with a stretched-grid general circulation model. J. Geophys. Res., 102 , 13731–13746.
Krinner, G., , J. Mangerud, , M. Jakobsson, , M. Crucifix, , C. Ritz, , and J. I. Svendsen, 2004: Enhanced ice sheet growth in Eurasia owing to adjacent ice-dammed lakes. Nature, 427 , 429–432.
Krinner, G., , O. Magand, , I. Simmonds, , C. Genthon, , and J-L. Dufresne, 2007: Simulated Antarctic precipitation and surface mass balance at the end of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Climate Dyn., 28 , 215–230.
Kushner, P. J., , I. M. Held, , and T. L. Delworth, 2001: Southern Hemisphere atmospheric circulation response to global warming. J. Climate, 14 , 2238–2249.
Lachlan-Cope, T. A., , W. M. Connolley, , and J. Turner, 2001: The role of the non-axisymmetric Antarctic orography in forcing the observed pattern of variability of the Antarctic climate. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28 , 4111–4114.
Lunt, D. J., , N. de Noblet-Ducoudré, , and S. Charbit, 2004: Effects of a melted Greenland ice sheet on climate, vegetation, and the cryosphere. Climate Dyn., 23 , 679–694.
Marshall, G. J., , P. A. Stott, , J. Turner, , W. M. Connolley, , J. C. King, , and T. A. Lachlan-Cope, 2004: Causes of exceptional atmospheric circulation changes in the Southern Hemisphere. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31 .L14205, doi:10.1029/2004GL019952.
Marti, O., and Coauthors, 2005: The new IPSL climate system model: IPSL-CM4. Note du Pôle de Modélisation 26, IPSL, 86 pp. [Available online at http://dods.ipsl.jussieu.fr/omamce/IPSLCM4/DocIPSLCM4/.].
Masson-Delmotte, V., and Coauthors, 2006: Past and future polar amplification of climate change: Climate model intercomparisons and ice-core constraints. Climate Dyn., 27 , 437–440.
Pan, Z., , J. H. Christensen, , R. W. Arritt, , W. J. Gutowski Jr., , E. S. Takle, , and F. Otieno, 2001: Evaluation of uncertainties in regional climate change simulations. J. Geophys. Res., 106 , 17735–17752.
Pfeffer, W. T., , M. F. Meier, , and T. H. Illangasekare, 1991: Retention of Greenland runoff by refreezing: Implications for projected future sea level change. J. Geophys. Res., 96 , 22117–22124.
Rignot, E., , G. Casassa, , P. Gogineni, , W. Krabill, , A. Rivera, , and R. Thomas, 2004: Accelerated ice discharge from the Antarctic Peninsula following the collapse of Larsen B ice shelf. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31 .L18401, doi:10.1029/2004GL020697.
Santer, B., 1985: The use of general circulation models in climate impact analysis—A preliminary study of the impacts of a CO2-induced climatic change on west European agriculture. Climatic Change, 7 , 71–93.
Simmonds, I., , and W. F. Budd, 1991: Sensitivity of the Southern Hemisphere circulation to leads in the Antarctic pack ice. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 117 , 1003–1024.
Simmonds, I., , and X. Wu, 1993: Cyclone behaviour response to changes in winter Southern Hemisphere sea-ice concentration. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 119 , 1121–1148.
Stone, D. A., , A. J. Weaver, , and R. J. Stouffer, 2001: Projection of climate change onto modes of atmospheric variability. J. Climate, 14 , 3551–3565.
Sushama, L., , R. Laprise, , D. Caya, , A. Frigon, , and M. Slivitzky, 2006: Canadian RCM projected climate-change signal and its sensitivity to model errors. Int. J. Climatol., 26 , 2141–2159.
Thompson, S. L., , and D. Pollard, 1997: Greenland and Antarctic mass balances for present and doubled atmospheric CO2 from the GENESIS version-2 global climate model. J. Climate, 10 , 871–900.
Wild, M., , A. Ohmura, , and U. Cubasch, 1997: GCM-simulated surface energy fluxes in climate change experiments. J. Climate, 10 , 3093–3110.
Wild, M., , P. Calanca, , S. C. Scherrer, , and A. Ohmura, 2003: Effects of polar ice sheets on global sea level in high-resolution greenhouse scenarios. J. Geophys. Res., 108 .4165, doi:10.1029/2002JD002451.
Yamazaki, K., 1994: Moisture budget in the Antarctic atmosphere. Snow and Ice Covers: Interactions with the Atmosphere and Ecosystems, IAHS Publication 233, H. G. Jones et al., Eds., IAHS Press, 61–67.
Zwally, H. J., , W. Abdalati, , T. Herring, , K. Larson, , J. Saba, , and K. Steffen, 2002: Surface melt-induced acceleration of Greenland ice-sheet flow. Science, 297 , 218–222.
Zwally, H. J., , M. B. Giovinetto, , J. Li, , H. G. Cornejo, , M. A. Beckley, , A. C. Brenner, , J. L. Saba, , and D. Yi, 2005: Mass changes of the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets and shelves and contributions to sea-level rise: 1992–2002. J. Glaciol., 51 , 509–527.