We thank all members of the NICAM group for their efforts in developing and improving the model. The NICAM simulations were conducted on the Earth Simulator at Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology. This study was supported by the VL project (Virtual Laboratory for the earth’s climate system diagnostics) and Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (20840013) funded by Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology, Japan and JST/CREST. YW has been supported in part by JAMSTEC, NOAA, and NASA through their sponsorships of the International Pacific Research Center (IPRC) in the School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST) at the University of Hawaii at Manoa.
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