This research used resources of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, which is supported by the Office of Science of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC02–05CH11231. The authors thank C. Bretherton for making available the original University of Washington shallow convection scheme, S. Klein for making available the simplified stratiform cloud scheme, C. Golaz for the improvement in the iteration method in the shallow convection scheme, J. Sirutis for consultant on storm tracking algorithm, and C. Kerr and V. Balaji for facilitating the computations on the DOE computers. We also thank T. Knutson and S. Garner for valuable discussions on the interpretation of these results. We acknowledge the various IPCC modeling groups for providing their data, and PCMDI and the IPCC Data Archive at LLNL/DOE for collecting, archiving, and making the data readily available. Ming Zhao was supported in part by NSF Grant ATM-0612551 and in part under Award NA17RJ2612 from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce. The findings are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration or the U.S. Department of Commerce.
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