This research is partially sponsored by the NOAA CLIVAR and CCDD programs under Grants NA07OAR4310051 and NA06OAR4310145. We acknowledge the modeling groups the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) and the WCRP’s Working Group on Coupled Modelling (WGCM) for their roles in making available the WCRP CMIP3 multimodel dataset. Support of this dataset is provided by the office of Science, U.S. Department of Energy. The JRA25 reanalysis data were provided by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) and Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI); see http://www.jreap.org/index.html. The raw CERES data were obtained from the NASA Langley Research Center Atmospheric Science Data Center.
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