We thank Frauke Feser, Matthias Zahn, Michael Hofstaetter, and Peter Hoffmann for constructive discussions and helpful comments. We also appreciate the thoughtful comments by the two anonymous reviewers.
Alexandersson, H., , T. Schmith, , K. Iden, , and H. Tuomenvirta, 1998: Long-term variations of the storm climate over NW Europe. Global Atmos. Ocean Syst., 6, 97–120.
Alexandersson, H., , H. Tuomenvirta, , T. Schmith, , and K. Iden, 2000: Trends of storms in NW Europe derived from an updated pressure data set. Climate Res., 14, 71–73.
Feser, F., , R. Weisse, , and H. von Storch, 2001: Multi-decadal atmospheric modeling for Europe yields multi-purpose data. Eos, Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union, 82, 305.
Livezey, R., , and W. Chen, 1983: Statistical field significance and its determination by monte carlo techniques. Mon. Wea. Rev., 111, 46–59.
Matulla, C., , W. Schöner, , H. Alexandersson, , H. von Storch, , and X. Wang, 2008: European storminess: Late nineteenth century to present. Climate Dyn., 31, 125–130.
Schmith, T., 1995: Occurrence of severe winds in Denmark during the past 100 years. Proc. Sixth Int. Meeting on Statistical Climatology, Galway, Ireland, All-Ireland Statistics Committee and Cosponsors, 83–86.
Shepherd, J., , and T. Knutson, 2007: The current debate on the linkage between global warming and hurricanes. Geogr. Compass, 1, 1.
Trenberth, K. E., and Coauthors, 2007: Observations: Surface and atmospheric climate change. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis, S. Solomon et al., Eds., Cambridge University Press, 235–336.
Wang, X., , F. Zwiers, , V. Swail, , and Y. Feng, 2009: Trends and variability of storminess in the Northeast Atlantic region, 1874–2007. Climate Dyn., 33, 1179–1195.
Weisse, R., , and H. von Storch, 2009: Marine Climate and Climate Change: Storms, Wind Waves and Storm Surges. 1st ed. Springer Praxis Environmental Sciences Series, Vol. 4109, Springer, 200 pp.
Weisse, R., , H. von Storch, , and F. Feser, 2005: Northeast Atlantic and North Sea storminess as simulated by a regional climate model 1958–2001 and comparison with observations. J. Climate, 18, 465–479.
Weisse, R., and Coauthors, 2009: Regional meteorological–marine reanalyses and climate change projections: Results for Northern Europe and potentials for coastal and offshore applications. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 90, 849–860.