This work was supported by grants from the National Science Foundation for Pacific Boundary and Ecosystems Climate Study (http://www.pobex.org; Grant OCE-0815280) and from the Department of Energy on Pacific Climate Change. The authors would also like to thank three anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments on the manuscript. The authors also acknowledge the various modeling groups for making their simulations available for analysis, as well as the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) for collecting and archiving the CMIP3/IPCC AR4 model output.
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The time span for the models in each scenario is different. Some models include the year 2000 in the 20C3M scenario, while others include the year 2000 in the SRES A1B scenario. For that reason, the year 2000 is excluded from the analysis.