This work was supported by the Cooperative Institute for Climate Science (CICS) at Princeton University. We thank Rym Msadek, Isaac Held, Andrew Wittenberg, and Thomas Delworth for constructive and thoughtful comments that helped to improve the manuscript. We are indebted to Mary Jo Nath, who helped with the implementation of the AM2.1 experiments described here, and assisted in the analysis phase of this endeavor. We would also like to thank Mike Alexander and the three anonymous referees for their thorough reviews and insightful comments, which have led to considerable improvements in this work.
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