This study is supported by the National Science Foundation of China (Project 41005081) and the Knowledge Innovation program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Projects KZCX2-YW-BR-03 and 09L4401d10). We particularly would like to thank Dr. Ke Du and Dr. Shaopeng Huang for their valuable suggestions. We also thank the two anonymous reviewers for their constructive and detailed comments. The meteorological and population statistics data used in this study were provided by the China Meteorological Administration and the National Bureau of Statistics of China.
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