The authors acknowledge the support of NOAA Climate Program Office Modeling, Analysis, Predictions and Projections (MAPP) Program as part of the CMIP5 Task Force. Work was supported under Grant NA10OAR4310170. Authors acknowledge the support of the National Science Foundation RAPID program (Grant AGS-1126804). This research was conducted under the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) and benefited from a subcontract with the International Potato Center in Lima, Peru (SB120184). L. Carvalho thanks FAPESP (2008/58101-9) and CNPq (555768/2010-4). The NCEP–NCAR reanalysis was provided by the NOAA/OAR/ESRL PSD, Boulder, Colorado (http://www.esrl.noaa.gov). CFSR data for this study are from the Research Data Archive (RDA) maintained by the Computational and Information Systems Laboratory (CISL) at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). NCAR is sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF). We acknowledge the World Climate Research Programme Working Group on Coupled Modeling, which is responsible for CMIP, and we thank the climate modeling groups (listed in Table 1 of this paper) for producing and making available their model output. For CMIP, the U.S. Department of Energy's Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison provides coordinating support and led development of software infrastructure in partnership with the Global Organization for Earth System Science Portals.
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