The authors thank Claudia Tebaldi for consultation on the statistical significance calculations and Jing-Jia Luo, Michael McPhaden, and three anonymous reviewers for constructive and helpful comments. Portions of this study were supported by the Office of Science (BER), U.S. Department of Energy; the National Science Foundation; and NASA Grant NNX09AH89G.
The CCSM project is supported by the National Science Foundation and the Office of Science (BER) of the U.S. Department of Energy. Computing resources were provided by the Climate Simulation Laboratory at NCAR's Computational and Information Systems Laboratory (CISL), sponsored by the National Science Foundation and other agencies, as well as computing resources of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center and the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility, both supported by the Office of Science (BER) of the U.S. Department of Energy. An award of computer time was provided by the Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment (INCITE) program.
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