This work was supported by National Science Foundation Grant ATM-0904092. We acknowledge the modeling groups, the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI), and the WCRP Working Group on Coupled Modelling (WGCM) for their roles in making available the WCRP CMIP3 multimodel dataset. Support of this dataset is provided by the Office of Science, U.S. Department of Energy. We thank Drs. Christoph Thomas, Eric Skyllingstad, and Alexandra Jonko for helpful discussion and comments and Dr. Andrew Dessler for sharing data with us. Finally, we thank Dr. Kyle Armour and an anonymous reviewer for their thoughtful and thorough comments.
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