This study was partially sponsored by the Cheney Research Fund, the NSF Grant ATM-0836220, the NSC Grant NSC100-2111-M-008-014, and the Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research 23240122 from the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. We would also like to thank two reviewers for offering constructive comments to improve this paper.
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CSV(HRF)AB is a symbol used to indicate a CSV vortex formed in region A and transported to become a CSV (HRF) vortex (cyclone) in region B. Subscripts P, M, and B represent the Philippines, Peninsular Malaysia, and Borneo, respectively. When this symbol () is attached with double BB subscripts, ()BB, it means the () formed in Borneo is trapped there. If this symbol () is attached with triple subscripts, ()BBM, it denotes the ()BB vortex/cyclone transported to Peninsular Malaysia.