The Physical Sciences Division (PSD) of the Earth System Research Laboratory (ESRL) of NOAA, Boulder, Colorado, is acknowledged for providing the Optimum Interpolation (OI.v2) SST and SIC fields and the NCEP Reanalysis data derived from their website (http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/). Ocean temperature data were provided by the Oceanographic Database of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (http://ocean.ices.dk/) and the World Ocean Database (WOD05) of the National Oceanographic Data Center of NOAA (http://www.nodc.noaa.gov/). The author thanks three anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.
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