We thank the three anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions that led to significant improvement of the manuscript. We acknowledge the climate modeling groups (listed in Table 1) for producing and making available their model output. For CMIP the U.S. Department of Energy’s Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison provides coordinating support and led development of software infrastructure in partnership with the Global Organization for Earth System Science Portals. This work was supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (2010CB428603), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41230527, 41025017, and 41228006), the Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Climate Change, and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (KZCX2-EW-QN204).
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