The authors thank the three anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments for this manuscript, which lead to the great improvements of it. We also appreciate the Physical Sciences Division (PSD), CPC, and ECMWF for providing the valuable data. This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41375073 and 41221064), the Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDA05090407), and the Global Change and Air–Sea Interaction Program (GASI-03-02-01-02).
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