An Improved Land Surface Parameterization Scheme in the ECMWF Model and Its Validation

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  • 1 European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Shinfield Park, Reading, Berkshire, England
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Abstract

A new version of the ECMWF land surface parameterization scheme is described. It has four prognostic layers in the soil for temperature and soil moisture, with a free drainage and a zero heat flux condition at the bottom as a boundary condition. The scheme has been extensively tested in stand-alone mode with the help of long observational time series from three different experiments with different climatological regimes: the First ISLSCP (International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project) Field Experiment in the United States, Cabauw in the Netherlands, and the Amazonian Rainforest Meteorological Experiment in Brazil. The emphasis is on seasonal timescales because it was felt that the main deficiencies in the old ECMWF land surface scheme were related to its capability of storing precipitation in spring and making it available for evaporation later in the year. It is argued that the stand-alone testing is particularly important, because it allows one to isolate problems in the land surface scheme without having to deal with complicated interactions in the full three-dimensional model.

Abstract

A new version of the ECMWF land surface parameterization scheme is described. It has four prognostic layers in the soil for temperature and soil moisture, with a free drainage and a zero heat flux condition at the bottom as a boundary condition. The scheme has been extensively tested in stand-alone mode with the help of long observational time series from three different experiments with different climatological regimes: the First ISLSCP (International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project) Field Experiment in the United States, Cabauw in the Netherlands, and the Amazonian Rainforest Meteorological Experiment in Brazil. The emphasis is on seasonal timescales because it was felt that the main deficiencies in the old ECMWF land surface scheme were related to its capability of storing precipitation in spring and making it available for evaporation later in the year. It is argued that the stand-alone testing is particularly important, because it allows one to isolate problems in the land surface scheme without having to deal with complicated interactions in the full three-dimensional model.

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