We are grateful to NCAR for providing the open source model and computer facilities to complete these simulations. This work is part of the lead author’s Ph.D. dissertation published by George Mason University. The lead author would like to acknowledge Dr. J. Shukla for his guidance and support during his Ph.D. study, as well as Dr. Bohua Huang and Dr. John Qu, who served as dissertation committee members. This study was supported by the George Mason presidential scholarship and NASA Earth System Science fellowship.
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