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Structure of an Evolving Hailstorm Part V: Synthesis and implications for Hail Growth and Hail Suppression

K.A. BrowningNational Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colo. 80303

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J.C. FrankhauserNational Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colo. 80303

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J.-P. ChalonNational Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colo. 80303

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P.J. EcclesNational Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colo. 80303

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R.G. StrauchNOAA/ERL/Wave Propagation Laboratory, Boulder, Colo. 80303

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F.H. MerremNOAA/ERL/Wave Propagation Laboratory, Boulder, Colo. 80303

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D.J. MusilInstitute of Atmospheric Sciences, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Rapid City, S. Dak. 57701

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E.L. MayInstitute of Atmospheric Sciences, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Rapid City, S. Dak. 57701

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W.R. SandInstitute of Atmospheric Sciences, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Rapid City, S. Dak. 57701

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Abstract

A model of an evolving hailstorm is synthesized from data presented in four related papers in this issue. The storm model, which is applicable to a class of ordinary multicell hailstorms and similar to earlier models derived by workers in South Dakota and Alberta, is discussed in terms of the growth of hail and its implications for hail suppression. Hail is grown in time–evolving updrafts that begin as discrete new clouds on the flank of the storm. Low concentrations of embryos develop rapidly within each of these clouds. The embryos subsequently grow into small hailstones while suspended near or above, the −20°C level as each new cloud grows and becomes the main updraft. Recycling is not a feature of this model as it is in supercell models. To improve the chance of silver iodide seeding being effective in suppressing the growth of hall in multicell storms, it is proposed that the seeding should be carried out not in the main updraft as is often the practice, but, rather, in the regions of weaker updraft associated with the early stages of developing clouds an the flank of the storm.

Abstract

A model of an evolving hailstorm is synthesized from data presented in four related papers in this issue. The storm model, which is applicable to a class of ordinary multicell hailstorms and similar to earlier models derived by workers in South Dakota and Alberta, is discussed in terms of the growth of hail and its implications for hail suppression. Hail is grown in time–evolving updrafts that begin as discrete new clouds on the flank of the storm. Low concentrations of embryos develop rapidly within each of these clouds. The embryos subsequently grow into small hailstones while suspended near or above, the −20°C level as each new cloud grows and becomes the main updraft. Recycling is not a feature of this model as it is in supercell models. To improve the chance of silver iodide seeding being effective in suppressing the growth of hall in multicell storms, it is proposed that the seeding should be carried out not in the main updraft as is often the practice, but, rather, in the regions of weaker updraft associated with the early stages of developing clouds an the flank of the storm.

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