Diurnal Variations of the Summertime Wind and Force Field at Three Midwestern Locations

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  • 1 IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, N.Y. 10598
  • 2 Graduate Program in Meteorology, University of Maryland, College Park 20740
  • 3 National Meteorological Center, Marlow Heights, Md. 20023
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Abstract

A comprehensive summary of diurnal wind variations in the midwestern region of the United States is presented. Analyses are based on seven summers of four per day soundings at Fort Worth, Tex., Topeka, Kan., and International Falls, Minn. It is found that the diurnal oscillations are most prominent at Fort Worth, of significant amplitude at Topeka, and, although of lesser amplitude, still detectable at International Falls. An analysis is made of the forcing required to account for that part of the wind oscillation which cannot be attributed to Coriolis effects. This analysis indicates that the forcing is comparatively small at Fort Worth when the wind oscillations are largest owing to a resonance there with natural inertial oscillations. Significant forcing is present at higher latitude stations even though the manifestation of the forcing in the wind field is somewhat smaller in amplitude. The data suggest that forcing mechanisms at low and high attitudes may propagate to cause wind oscillations in the middle levels.

Abstract

A comprehensive summary of diurnal wind variations in the midwestern region of the United States is presented. Analyses are based on seven summers of four per day soundings at Fort Worth, Tex., Topeka, Kan., and International Falls, Minn. It is found that the diurnal oscillations are most prominent at Fort Worth, of significant amplitude at Topeka, and, although of lesser amplitude, still detectable at International Falls. An analysis is made of the forcing required to account for that part of the wind oscillation which cannot be attributed to Coriolis effects. This analysis indicates that the forcing is comparatively small at Fort Worth when the wind oscillations are largest owing to a resonance there with natural inertial oscillations. Significant forcing is present at higher latitude stations even though the manifestation of the forcing in the wind field is somewhat smaller in amplitude. The data suggest that forcing mechanisms at low and high attitudes may propagate to cause wind oscillations in the middle levels.

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