A Surface Solar Radiation Model for Cloudy Atmospheres

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  • 1 The Center for the Environment and Man, Inc., Hartford, CT 06120
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Abstract

A numerical solar radiation model based on standard meteorological data was revised for clouds using data from the GARP Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE). Climatic-mean transmittance functions were revised for low and convective clouds independent of zenith angle. Transmittance during partial cloudiness ψc was assumed to vary from the climatic-mean transmittance during overcast skies &ψmacr; by ψc = &ψmacr;c where c is the cloud amount. Mean errors in computed flux as a function of cloud amount were reduced. Results for four GATE ships are presented.

Abstract

A numerical solar radiation model based on standard meteorological data was revised for clouds using data from the GARP Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE). Climatic-mean transmittance functions were revised for low and convective clouds independent of zenith angle. Transmittance during partial cloudiness ψc was assumed to vary from the climatic-mean transmittance during overcast skies &ψmacr; by ψc = &ψmacr;c where c is the cloud amount. Mean errors in computed flux as a function of cloud amount were reduced. Results for four GATE ships are presented.

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