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A Comparison of the Bounded Derivative and the Normal-Mode Initialization Methods Using Real Data

F. H. M. SemazziLaboratory for Atmospheres, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771

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I. M. NavonLaboratory for Atmospheres, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771

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Abstract

Application of the bounded-derivative and normal-mode methods to a simple linear barotropic model at a typical middle latitude shows that the two methods lead to identical constraints up to a certain degree of approximation. Beyond this accuracy the two methods may differ from each other.

When applied to a global nonlinear barotropic model using real data, again the two methods lead to similar balanced initial states. The parity oscillations in the unbalanced height field, which have amplitudes of up to 60 m with a dominant periodicity of about 5 to 6 h, are practically eliminated by both initialization methods. The rotational wind component is smooth even for the unbalanced initial state. The small-scale spatial features of the irrotational wind component are drastically reduced by initialization. Both the nonlinear normal-mode and the bounded-derivative initialization methods yield similar divergence field centered around the areas of highest orography.

The comparison shows that there is no significant loss of information in the man and momentum fields, despite the fact that the bounded-derivative method employs only the original, rotational wind component to construct a balanced initial state compared to the normal-mode method, which, in addition, makes use of the unbalanced divergent wind and height fields.

Abstract

Application of the bounded-derivative and normal-mode methods to a simple linear barotropic model at a typical middle latitude shows that the two methods lead to identical constraints up to a certain degree of approximation. Beyond this accuracy the two methods may differ from each other.

When applied to a global nonlinear barotropic model using real data, again the two methods lead to similar balanced initial states. The parity oscillations in the unbalanced height field, which have amplitudes of up to 60 m with a dominant periodicity of about 5 to 6 h, are practically eliminated by both initialization methods. The rotational wind component is smooth even for the unbalanced initial state. The small-scale spatial features of the irrotational wind component are drastically reduced by initialization. Both the nonlinear normal-mode and the bounded-derivative initialization methods yield similar divergence field centered around the areas of highest orography.

The comparison shows that there is no significant loss of information in the man and momentum fields, despite the fact that the bounded-derivative method employs only the original, rotational wind component to construct a balanced initial state compared to the normal-mode method, which, in addition, makes use of the unbalanced divergent wind and height fields.

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