Thanks are due to several people in preparation of this manuscript. Dr. John Scala provided excellent forecasting for the aircraft flights and provided help in the initial analysis for this study. Dr. Steven Bidwell provided excellent engineering support for the EDOP instrument during the aircraft flights. Science discussions with Dr. Mohan Karampudi, Dr. Chang Chen, Dr. Scott Braun, Dr. Bart Geerts, and others are greatly acknowledged. In addition, several others were helpful with the analysis of datasets. Mr. George Lai provided help with the GEMPAK software especially in reading NGM datasets for analysis. Dr. Steve Goodman of Marshall Space Flight Center provided composite radar datasets, which were used to provide a general overview for the case. This work was supported under NASA’s Mission to Planet Earth by Dr. Ramesh Kakar at NASA Headquarters.
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