This research was supported by the Office of Naval Research, Grant N00014-93-1-1369, code 322MM. I am grateful to J. Reisner and P. Smolarkiewicz for providing their numerical code, a modified version of which was used for the calculations in section 4, and to D. Durran for a careful reading of the manuscript.
Bannon, P. R., 1981: Synoptic-scale forcing of coastal lows: Forced double Kelvin waves in the atmosphere. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc.;107, 313–327.
Bond, N., C. Mass, and J. Overland, 1996: Coastally trapped wind reversals along the U.S. west coast during the warm season. Part I: Climatology and temporal evolution. Mon. Wea. Rev.,124, 430–445.
Chapman, D. C., 1982: On the failure of Laplace’s tidal equations to model subinertial motions at a discontinuity in depth. Dyn. Atmos. Oceans,7, 1–16.
Dorman, C. E., 1985: Evidence of Kelvin waves in California’s marine layer and related eddy generation. Mon. Wea. Rev.,113, 827–839.
——, 1987: Possible role of gravity currents in northern California’s coastal summer wind reversals. J. Geophys. Res.,92, 1497–1506.
Gill, A. E., 1977: Coastally trapped waves in the atmosphere. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc.,103, 431–440.
——, 1982: Atmosphere–Ocean Dynamics. Academic Press, 662 pp.
Hermann, A. J., B. M. Hickey, C. F. Mass, and M. D. Albright, 1990:Orographically trapped coastal wind events in the Pacific Northwest and their oceanic response. J. Geophys. Res.,95, 13 169–13 193.
Holland, G., and L. Leslie, 1986: Ducted coastal ridging over S.E. Australia. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc.,112, 731–748.
Jury, M., C. MacArthur, and C. Reason, 1990: Observations of trapped waves in the atmosphere and ocean along the coast of southern Africa. South Afr. Geogr. J.,72, 33–46.
Mass, C. F., and M. D. Albright, 1987: Coastal southerlies and alongshore surges of the west coast of North America: Evidence of mesoscale topographically trapped response to synoptic forcing. Mon. Wea. Rev.,115, 1707–1738.
——, and N. Bond, 1996: Coastally trapped wind reversals along the United States west coast during the warm season. Part II: Synoptic evolution. Mon. Wea. Rev.,124, 446–461.
Nguyen, N. A., and A. E. Gill, 1981: Generation of coastal lows by synoptic-scale waves. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc.,107, 521–530.
Ralph, F. M., L. Armi, J. Bane, C. Dorman, W. Neff, P. J. Neiman, W. Nuss, and P. O. Persson, 1998: Observations and analysis of the 10–11 June 1994 coastally trapped disturbance. Mon. Wea. Rev.,126, 2435–2465.
Reason, C., and M. Jury, 1990: On the generation and propagation of the southern Africa coastal low. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc.,116, 1133–1151.
——, and D. Steyn, 1990: Coastally trapped disturbances in the lower atmosphere: Dynamic commonalities and geographic diversity. Prog. Phys. Geogr.,14, 178–198.
——, and ——, 1992: The dynamics of coastally trapped mesoscale ridges in the lower atmosphere. J. Atmos. Sci.,49, 1677–1692.
Rogerson, A. M., and R. M. Samelson, 1995: Synoptic forcing of coastal-trapped disturbances in the marine atmospheric boundary layer. J. Atmos. Sci.,52, 2025–2040.
Samelson, R. M., and A. M. Rogerson, 1996: Life-cycle of a linear coastal-trapped disturbance. Mon. Wea. Rev.,124, 1853–1863.
Thompson, W., T. Haack, J. Doyle, and S. Burk, 1997: A nonhydrostatic mesoscale simulation of the 10–11 June 1994 coastally trapped wind reversal. Mon. Wea. Rev.,125, 3211–3230.