The Center for Ocean–Atmosphere Prediction Studies received its base support from the Secretary of the Navy Chair awarded to J.J.O. by the Office of Naval Research, from NOAA-OGP for TOGA, and from the oceanography section of NASA Headquarters. Thanks to Tom Smith and Nick Rayner for providing Niño3.4 indices. Thanks to Drs. David Legler and Mark Bourassa for their help with the manuscript.
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