This research was supported by the NOAA Office of Global Programs, under the Pan-American Climate Studies (PACS) program, Grant NA96GP0051. The infrared satellite data for the GPI rainfall estimates were kindly supplied by the PACS project of Drs. John Bates and Wesley Berg. German Poveda, Jorge Ramirez, Saul Marin, Jose Lino Jurado Montano, and David Enfield enriched our understanding and appreciation of the fascinating hydroclimate of Colombia and the Panama Bight. The constructive criticisms of two anonymous reviewers greatly improved this manuscript.
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